28 Danio Types - Rare & Common Danios (With Photos)

28 Danio Types - Rare & Common Danios (With Photos)

Danios can make a great addition to an aquarium, especially when looking for a top dwelling level of fish. Always active, peaceful and incredibly hardy they make an excellent choice for a beginner.

Below is a list of 28 different types of Danio (with photos) found in the fishkeeping hobby, both rare and common.

Assam Danio - Devario assamensis

Assam Danio

Devario assamensis

Barred Danio - Devario pathirana

Barred Danio

Devario pathirana

Bengal Danio - Devario devario

Bengal Danio

Devario devario

Black Barred Danio - Danio absconditus

Black Barred Danio

Danio absconditus

Blood Tailed Danio - Devario annandalei

Blood Tailed Danio

Devario annandalei

Blue Danio - Danio kerri

Blue Danio

Danio kerri

Celestial Pearl Danio - Danio margaritatus Celestial Pearl Danio - Danio margaritatus

Celestial Pearl Danio

Danio margaritatus

Dwarf Spotted Danio - Danio nigrofasciatus

Dwarf Spotted Danio

Danio nigrofasciatus

Emerald Dwarf Danio - Danio erythromicron

Emerald Dwarf Danio

Danio erythromicron

Fire Bar Danio - Devario maetaengensis

Fire Bar Danio

Devario maetaengensis

Fireline Danio - Devario sondhii

Fireline Danio

Devario sondhii

Giant Danio - Devario aequipinnatus

Giant Danio

Devario aequipinnatus

Glowlight Danio - Celestichthys choprae

Glowlight Danio

Celestichthys choprae

Gold Ring Danio - Danio tinwini

Gold Ring Danio

Danio tinwini

Gold Striped Danio - Devario chrysotaeniatus

Gold Striped Danio

Devario chrysotaeniatus

Hikari Danio - Danio sp. Hikari

Hikari Danio

Danio sp. Hikari

Jaintia Danio - Danio jaintianensis

Jaintia Danio

Danio jaintianensis

Lake Inle Danio - Devario auropurpureus

Lake Inle Danio

Devario auropurpureus

Laos Danio - Devario Laoensis

Laos Danio

Devario Laoensis

Leopard Danio - Danio Rerio

Leopard Danio

Danio Rerio

Malabar Danio - Devario malabaricus

Malabar Danio

Devario malabaricus

Meghalaya Danio - Danio Meghalayensis

Meghalaya Danio

Danio Meghalayensis

Orange Finned Danio - Danio kyathit

Orange Finned Danio

Danio kyathit

Panther Danio - Brachydanio aesculapii

Panther Danio

Brachydanio aesculapii

Pearl Danio - Danio albolineatus

Pearl Danio

Danio albolineatus

Rose Danio - Danio roseus

Rose Danio

Danio roseus

Yoma Danio - Danio feegradei

Yoma Danio

Danio feegradei

Zebra Danio - Brachydanio rerio

Zebra Danio

Brachydanio rerio

Danios are a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. There are currently 27 known species in this genus.

Danios are somewhat famous in the aquarium hobby mainly because they are peaceful, extraordinarily hardy and can tolerate a broad range of water conditions and temperatures, making them excellent fish for beginners and newly set up aquariums.

Most Danio species grow to no more than 5 cm in size and are usually surface orientated. A couple of species, such as the Dangila and Giant Danios, can reach up to 13 cm in length. Danios are incredibly active, to the point of coming across as boisterous; however, they hardly ever cause injuries to other fish.

Several long-finned versions and colour variations have been produced through selective breeding. You can usually identify these fish by their pattern; they typically have either rows of spots, vertical bars or horizontal stripes. Some Danios have two pairs of long barbels.

Natural habitat

Danios can be found throughout South Asia and Southeast Asia ranging from India and Bangladesh to Bhutan, Nepal, Burma, Sumatra, Malaysia and Thailand.

Individual species in this group have slightly different preferences; however, all live in freshwater habitats. A majority prefer slow-moving or stagnant water over faster-flowing currents. Some of the various ecosystems they inhabit include rivers, streams, ponds, canals and ditches, rice paddies, pools and floodplains.

Their habitats consist of a silty bottomed substrate that has an abundance of lush green vegetation. They can also occupy edged areas with rocky substrates and overhanging branched cover.


Danios are peaceful, non-aggressive fish and are always on the go and will continually dash around the aquarium interacting with one another; therefore, they should be kept with other active fish. Danios are schooling fish that develop social hierarchies, and the most dominant individuals have passage to the best food and breeding territories.

Because of this natural behaviour, you must keep the fish in groups of at least six individuals for the smaller Danios species and four or five for the larger Danios.

They spend their days foraging for food and swimming against any available water flow, and at night, they rest in the open vegetation.

In the aquarium

Danios need plenty of swimming space, so they are best kept in reasonably sized aquariums, although they are not large fish. The smaller species, such as Leopard Danios, Zebra Danios and Glowlight Danios, can be kept in 60cm long aquariums. However, 75cm would be better, and the larger species should be kept in no less than 90cm long aquariums.

As with most fish, the environment they are kept in should 'be similar to their natural habitat to encourage biological activity and behaviour. You should provide some hiding spots and vegetation around the sides of the aquarium. And where possible, create areas of strong water current so that the Danios can swim against the current if they wish.

Danios are entirely used to changes in water conditions, so they will feel comfortable in most hardness and pH differences, providing the change is not too great, of course. Another determinant of their natural environment is an annual temperature variation, and all species of Danio prefer cooler water, with some able to thrive in unheated aquariums.

Danios natural habitats are usually very clean and clear, so good filtration and frequent water changes are essential in maintaining any aquarium the fish are housed in.

Although Danios are very peaceful and friendly fish, they may not necessarily be suited to live with every community fish. Whilst you can keep the smaller Danios with just about anything of a similar size, the larger species might be a little too boisterous for some. Therefore, you should keep any of the larger Danio species with active, robust and moderately sized fish such as larger Tetras, Rainbowfish or Barbs.

Skittish, delicate or slow-moving species will not appreciate a shoal of large Danios storming around the aquarium.


Breeding habits can vary slightly from species to species. Usually, males form a spawning site with a variety of vegetation to hide the eggs in.

You can breed Danios in captivity; however, you will need extra care to raise the fry to adulthood. Danios are egg scatterers that generally spawn in groups. However, you can also breed a single male and female pair.

Danios breed via spawning; the female will release her eggs, then the male will release his sperm, and fertilization will occur outside of the body. An individual female can produce hundreds of eggs.

As with numerous fish, there is a possibility that the parents may eat the eggs after they have been laid. You can increase the yield of fry if you separate the eggs from the adults.

The eggs will usually start to hatch within 48 hours, where the young are entirely independent at this point. You can feed the newly born fry a diet of either powdered or liquid fry foods.


Many Danios are omnivores and will thrive on high quality dried foods such as granules, flakes and Shrimp pellets. You can also provide your Danios with frozen and live foods as a treat and also to induce spawning. For the most beneficial results, it is advisable to alternate their diet daily and only give them what they can consume within 2 minutes, or less once or twice a day.