Max Size: 8cm
Origins:

Bengal Danio (Devario devario)

The Bengal Danio makes a stunning addition to the community aquarium. They are hardy, very active and relatively peaceful. These Danios are not an aggressive fish but may upset timid, slow-moving tankmates with their constant activity and vigorous feeding behaviour. Therefore, it is most suited to larger aquariums containing robust, similarly-sized fishes.

Bengal Danios are a schooling species by nature, and you should ideally keep them in groups of 8 to 10 individuals. Maintaining them in decent numbers will make the fish less nervous and result in a more effective, natural-looking display. Since these fish are sociable, they do not fare very well if kept singly.

Any aggression will also be restrained as the fish concentrate on maintaining their hierarchical position within the group, and males tend to display better colours in rivals' presence.

The Bengal Danio is an elongated fish with a high-back and lateral compression. Their body is rounded, and they have no barbels. The colour varies depending on the population.

Their back and belly are golden-brown, and the flanks are blue with some subtle, transverse yellow stripes. They present a broad, dark blue bar on each side that extends from the rear part of the mid-section to the fork of the caudal fin. The fins are usually transparent.

Quick Facts
Scientific NameDevario devario
Other NamesSind Danio, Bengal Turquoise Danio
FamilyCyprinidae
GenusDevario
OriginsSouth Asia
TemperamentPeaceful
Aquarium LevelTop
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
ShoalingYes
Best kept asGroups 8+
DietOmnivore
ReproductionEgg-Scatterer
Lifespan3 - 5 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.0 - 8.0
GH5 - 20
TDS36 - 268
Temperature
59 - 79℉
15 - 26.1℃
Bengal Danio
Bengal Danio

Natural Habitat

The Bengal Danio Originates from India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan in South Asia. They inhabit the Indus and the Assam Rivers throughout as well as fast-flowing streams, floodplains and ponds where the vegetation is plentiful, and the substrates are composed of silt, sand, clay, cobbles and boulders.

Other Danios of interest

Celestial Pearl Danio(Danio margaritatus)
Emerald Dwarf Danio(Danio erythromicron)
Fireline Danio(Devario sondhii)
Giant Danio(Devario aequipinnatus)
Glowlight Danio(Celestichthys choprae)
Lake Inle Danio(Devario auropurpureus, Inlecypris auropurpurea, Barilius auropurpureus)
View All Danios

What to feed the Bengal Danio

In the aquarium, Bengal Danios are mostly unfussy and will accept most foods given to them. High quality dried products can be used as the staple diet. Still, it would be best to supplement this with regular meals of small live and frozen fares such as daphnia, bloodworm, artemia, and such, which will help your fish maintain their best colouring and condition.

How to Sex the Bengal Danio

It is easy to differentiate male from female Bengal Danios. Males are typically slimmer, smaller, and far more colourful than females, whereas females are rounder bellied, less colourful and slightly larger than males.

How to Breed the Bengal Danio

Bengal Danios will often spawn when in good condition and in a well-planted, established aquarium. Small numbers of fry may likely start to appear without any intervention. However, if you would like to increase the yield, a more controlled approach will be required.

You can still condition the group together, but you will need to set up a smaller aquarium filled with mature water. This should be dimly lit and the bottom covered with some mesh that has big enough size so that the eggs can drop through but small enough that the adults cannot get through.

Artificial grass matting or marbles can also be used as an alternative and works well. Providing fine-leaved plants such as java moss or spawning mops can again return satisfactory results.

The water needs to be slightly acidic to neutral, and you should raise the temperature by a few degrees. An air-powered sponge filter or air stone is also recommended to provide water movement and oxygenation.

Once the adults are well-conditioned and the females appear to be full of eggs, you should then introduce one or two pairs into the breeding tank.

Spawning usually takes place within 24 hours, where the female will suddenly appear noticeably slimmer, then 48 hours later you should remove the adults.

The incubation period is temperature-dependant to an extent but typically lasts around 24 to 36 hours the fry will then become free-swimming a few days after that.

Initially, it would be best to feed the fry on Paramecium or similar and then introduce artemia nauplii, microworm, dry food or powdered foods once the fry is large enough to accept them.

Frquently asked questions about the Bengal Danio

Are Bengal Danios a shoaling fish?

Bengal Danios are an active, shoaling species that you should maintain in groups of 6 individuals, preferably more that way, your aquarium will have a more natural-looking display, and your fish will be less nervous.

Are Bengal Danios compatible with other fish species?

Bengal Danios are not aggressive fish; however, they may upset slow-moving or timid tankmates with constant activity and vigorous feeding behaviour. Therefore, it would be better to have a larger aquarium containing similarly sized, robust fish species such as Barbs, Cichlids, Catfish and larger Tetras.

How do you sex Bengal Danios?

It is pretty simple to distinguish male from female Bengal Danios. The males are typically much more vibrantly coloured and somewhat smaller than females, and females have rounder bellies than males.

What aquarium setup is best for my Bengal Danios?

You need to make sure that your aquarium is well established with good water quality as Bengal Danios naturally occur in pristine habitats and are intolerant to organic pollutants. Then, we recommend that you design the tank to mimic a flowing river or stream with a substrate of different sized, water-worn rocks, fine gravel, sand or some small boulders, as well as some driftwood branches or roots. A majority of aquatic plants will not survive in such surroundings; however, hardy plant types such as Bolbitis, Microsorum or Anubias can be grown attached to the decor.

What area of the tank do Bengal Danios hang out in?

Bengal Danios prefer to shoal and swim in the top levels of an aquarium.

What should you feed your Bengal Danios?

In the aquarium Bengal Danios are not picky when it comes to food. You can use high quality dried products as the staple diet; however, this should be given alongside regular meals of small live and frozen fares such as artemia, daphnia, bloodworm and suchlike. This will provide your fish with the best condition and colours.

You may enjoy the following profiles

Macmasters Apistogramma(Apistogramma macmasteri)
Rummy Nose Rasbora(Sawbwa resplendens)
El Tigre Endler(Poecilia wingei)
Gold Gourami(Trichogaster trichopterus)
Redfin Penguin Tetra(Thayeria sp)
Spotfin Betta(Betta macrostoma)
View More Species
Date Added: 08/02/2021 - Updated: 17/11/2021 03:32:08