Profile Photo

Maximum size : 10 cm

Meghalaya Danio - Danio Meghalayensis : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

Table of contents


Embark on a journey into the captivating realm of Meghalaya Danios (Danio Meghalayensis), a prized rarity within the aquarium hobby. While their presence may be somewhat elusive, these Danios boast a remarkable combination of activity, resilience, and adaptability, rendering them an excellent choice for novice aquarists seeking a captivating aquatic companion. Furthermore, Meghalaya Danios harmoniously integrate into a community aquarium alongside species of similar size, temperament, and shared water preferences, adding to the collective allure of the aquatic display.

To curate an ideal aquatic community for Meghalaya Danios, consider introducing compatible tankmates such as other Danios, Tetras, Barbs, Guppies, livebearers, Dwarf Cichlids, smaller Gouramis, Loaches, and Corydoras Catfish. However, please exercise caution when housing them alongside much smaller or sluggish species, as well as those with delicate or intricate finnage. Additionally, it is advisable to avoid pairing them with larger or more aggressive fish, ensuring a harmonious coexistence within the aquarium ecosystem.

As natural shoaling fish, Meghalaya Danios thrive in the presence of their own kind, and a group of at least six individuals, preferably more, is recommended. By maintaining larger numbers, the captivating behaviour and vibrant colours of the males will flourish as they vie for the females' attention, enhancing the aquarium's visual spectacle.

The optimal habitat for Meghalaya Danios encompasses a heavily planted aquarium, carefully arranged to provide ample broken lines of sight and spacious swimming areas. Emulating the gentle flow of a stream or river, a darker substrate serves as a backdrop to showcase their vibrant hues. Enhance the aesthetic allure by incorporating gravel, rocks of different sizes, and smooth stones, while driftwood branches and roots add a touch of natural authenticity. Hardy aquatic plants like Anubias, Bolbitis, or Microsorum further elevate the visual splendour, contributing to the immersive aquatic environment.

Meghalaya Danios thrive in clean, well-oxygenated water, necessitating efficient filtration within the aquarium setup. To simulate their natural habitat, a gentle current flowing from one end of the aquarium to the other should be established, complementing the continuous swimming habits of these dynamic Danios. Filter outlets or additional powerheads assist in providing the desired water flow, striking a delicate balance between creating an engaging environment and avoiding excessively swift currents, which are at odds with their preferred serene stretches in the wild.

Adorned with reddish torpedo-shaped bodies, Meghalaya Danios captivate the observer with "snakeskin-like" iridescent blue stripes adorning their flanks, extending gracefully through their transparent fins. This exquisite colouration further enhances their allure, serving as a testament to the captivating beauty found within the realms of nature.

Meghalaya Danio Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

Distinguishing between mature male and female Meghalaya Danios is a straightforward endeavour. The males exhibit a slender physique, vibrant hues, and, notably, red edges adorning their fins. In contrast, the females boast a slightly larger frame, presenting a more subdued colouration, and possess fuller bodies. A striking visual distinction is evident as the females showcase white fin edging in contrast to the red edges observed in their male counterparts.

Quick Facts

Scientific NameDanio Meghalayensis
Year Described1985
Other NamesNone
Max Size10 cm
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asGroups 6+
LifespanUp to 5 Years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.0 - 8.0
GH1 - 18
64 - 79
17 - 26

Natural habitat

Meghalaya Danios, call Barapani in East Khasi, Meghalaya state, India, their exclusive home. These remarkable Danios thrive within the enchanting embrace of mountain and hill streams, where the substrates consist of resolute rocks and smooth boulders. Although their aquatic abode is relatively devoid of extensive vegetation, certain areas may exhibit a gentle current, meandering amidst the lush riparian vegetation, providing a soothing shade and respite for these captivating inhabitants. Immerse yourself in the fascinating world of Meghalaya Danios as they gracefully navigate their remarkable natural habitat, a testament to the wonders of their native land.

 Lake Meghalaya - India
India Flag

How to breed the Meghalaya Danio

Like many Cyprinids, Meghalaya Danios exhibit the characteristic behaviour of egg scatterers, demonstrating no parental care. Under favourable conditions, these fish will readily engage in spawning, and in a well-established aquarium with dense vegetation, the appearance of a small number of fry may occur without intervention. However, for those seeking to bolster their fry population, a more controlled approach is recommended.

It is advisable to condition the adult group together to facilitate successful breeding while simultaneously preparing a separate breeding tank. The breeding tank should be filled halfway with water and adorned with subdued lighting. The tank's bottom should be covered with a mesh that allows eggs to descend while effectively preventing adult fish access. Alternatively, artificial grass matting or the inclusion of fine-leaved plants such as java moss can achieve desirable results, as can the use of glass marbles. Optimal water conditions entail a relative softness and a slightly acidic to neutral pH, with temperature maintained toward the higher end of the suitable range. Initially, the addition of a small air-powered filter is recommended, positioned to direct the current along the tank's entire length, or a mature sponge filter can be installed.

Once the adults are adequately conditioned, with the females exhibiting fullness indicative of ripe eggs, introducing one or two pairs into the breeding tank is appropriate. Stimulate spawning by providing small quantities of live and frozen foods to the pairs, gradually supplementing the tank with small amounts of cold water at regular intervals until the desired level is reached. The following morning, the pair is likely to engage in spawning behaviour. A notable sign of successful spawning is the discernible slimming of the female's physique. Promptly removing the adults after a couple of days is essential, as they will readily consume any eggs discovered. In addition, it is prudent to replace the power filter with a sponge filter to safeguard the fry from being drawn into the filtration system.

The incubation period of the eggs typically varies with temperature, but hatching commonly occurs within approximately 48 hours. Subsequently, after an additional 48 hours, the fry will gain independence, becoming free-swimming. During their initial stages, the fry will benefit from green water, liquid fry food, or powdered fry food. Approximately two weeks later, they will be prepared to consume newly hatched baby brine shrimp and microworms. Optimal conditions for the fry's development include keeping the tank dimly lit for the first week and gradually increasing the lighting thereafter. By the 12-week mark, the young fish will begin showcasing their distinct colours and emerging as miniature versions of adult specimens.

Diet & feeding

Meghalaya Danios display an adaptable feeding behaviour within the confines of an aquarium, readily accepting a diverse array of foods. While their diet is versatile, it is recommended to incorporate a high-quality dried product, such as flakes or granules, as the mainstay of their nutritional intake. Augmenting this staple diet with regular servings of small frozen and live foods, including bloodworms, mosquito larvae, daphnia, and brine shrimp, will contribute to the overall health and vitality of these Danios. Additionally, these discerning aquatic inhabitants will greatly appreciate indulging them with occasional vegetable treats.

Other Danios you maybe interested in