Maximum size : 4.5 cm
Santa Maria Endler - Poecilia Wingei : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide
Table of contents
IntroductionThe enchanting Santa Maria Endlers (Poecilia Wingei) are a peaceful, hardy, and active species, characterized by their distinct coloration. With no special requirements, these fish present an ideal option for beginner aquarists while simultaneously capturing the interest of more advanced enthusiasts. Also known as Bleeding Heart Endlers, these vibrant fish are well-suited for nano or densely planted community aquariums. They thrive alongside most other peaceful species but should be housed away from larger, aggressive fish like Cichlids or Tiger Barbs, which are known for fin-nipping behavior. Though Santa Maria Endlers typically frequent the top level of an aquarium, they can also be observed exploring the middle and lower depths in search of food or engaging in courtship pursuits. Social by nature, these fish are best housed in groups, which also contributes to a more natural aesthetic in your aquatic environment. Male Santa Maria Endlers boast a striking combination of colors, featuring a deep, almost black hue on the upper body juxtaposed with reddish-orange on the lower portion. Their dorsal fin showcases a blend of bluish-white and orangey-red shades, highlighted by intricate dark patterning. The caudal fin mirrors these vibrant colors and displays unique patterns near its base. Notably, the fish's colors become even more vivid when in spawning conditions, further enhancing their captivating presence in your aquarium.
Santa Maria Endler Photos
Sexual DimorphismDistinguishing between male and female Santa Maria Endler fish is a straightforward task, thanks to their distinct physical characteristics. Males tend to be relatively petite in size, slender in build, and exhibit remarkably vibrant coloration and patterns. Conversely, females are noticeably larger, exhibit a more robust and rounded appearance, and display comparatively muted hues. The pronounced differences between the sexes make it easy for hobbyists and professionals alike to identify and appreciate the unique attributes of each gender within this captivating species.
|Scientific Name||Poecilia Wingei|
|Other Names||Bleeding Heart Endler|
|Max Size||4.5 cm|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Best kept as||Groups 5+|
|Lifespan||2 - 3 years|
|PH||7.0 - 8.5|
|GH||2 - 15|
|KH||3 - 15|
|TDS||50 - 150|
|℉||75 - 86|
|℃||23.9 - 30|
Natural habitatSanta Maria Endlers are a unique species that has quickly become a favourite among aquarium enthusiasts worldwide. Unlike other fish, Santa Maria Endlers do not have a natural habitat as they are a hybrid Endler species. These fish are the result of a cross between a guppy and an Endler, which was expertly crafted by the renowned Japanese breeder Kenichiro Tamura. Interestingly, these fish inherit their robust shape from the common guppy, while their caudal fin pattern and small size come from their Endler heritage. The result is a truly unique and visually stunning species that is sure to make a lasting impression in any aquarium. So, if you're looking to add a touch of exotic beauty to your aquatic world, the Santa Maria Endler is an excellent choice. With their captivating appearance and charming personalities, these fish are sure to delight any observer. Don't miss out on the opportunity to add these fascinating creatures to your collection!
How to breed the Santa Maria EndlerSanta Maria Endlers are renowned for their prolific breeding capabilities, making them an ideal choice for hobbyists seeking an easily propagated species. Females, depending on their age and size, can produce up to 50 fry in a 24 to 28-day interval. To encourage a stress-free environment, it is advisable to maintain a higher female-to-male ratio, thus minimizing persistent harassment from male counterparts. Providing ample vegetation offers valuable hiding spots for the fry, safeguarding them from potential predation by their parents or other tank inhabitants in a community setting. Upon birth, the fry should be fed a nutritious diet consisting of baby brine shrimp, microworms, liquid fry food, or crushed flakes. As they mature, transition their diet to include flakes, granules, daphnia, and similar sustenance. The rate of growth and development is contingent upon feeding frequency and water temperature. Fry typically exhibit adult coloration between 5 and 8 weeks of age, showcasing the vibrant hues that make Santa Maria Endlers a popular addition to many aquariums.
Diet & feedingIn their natural habitat, Santa Maria Endlers primarily consume small insects, algae, and plant matter. To ensure their well-being and replicate this diet within a home aquarium, it is essential to provide them with a diverse and balanced meal plan. Offer high-quality dried foods, including flakes and granules, to serve as a staple diet, complemented by live and frozen fare such as Daphnia, Bloodworms, and Brine Shrimp. Additionally, incorporating vegetable supplements like shelled peas or blanched spinach can further enhance their nutritional intake. By closely emulating the dietary preferences of Santa Maria Endlers in the wild, you can promote their overall health and longevity in your home aquarium.
Other Endlers you maybe interested in
Black Bar Endler
Blue Star Endlers
El Tigre Endler
Santa Maria Endler
Yellow Tiger Endler
Poecilia wingei / Poecilia reticulata