Santa Maria Endler (Poecilia Wingei) Fish Species Profile
Santa Maria Endlers are a hybrid Endler, a cross of the species Poecilia reticulata and P. wingei and which is accredited to the Japanese breeder Kenichiro Tamura. From the common Guppy, this fish has inherited the more robust shape, especially of the females, while the caudal fin pattern and the smallness of the males come from the Endler heritage.
Santa Marias are very peaceful, and hardy.
They are a uniquely colourful and active species, and they make an excellent fish for the beginner, as well as a novelty for advanced aquarist collectors as they don't need any special requirements.
This species of Endler has a body shaped like a torpedo, the top part of the body is dark (almost black), and the lower part of their body is a reddish-orange colour.
|Scientific Name||Poecilia Wingei|
|Other Names||Bleeding Heart Endler|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Best kept as||Groups 5+|
|Lifespan||2 - 3 years|
|Maximum Size||up to 4.5 cm|
|Temperature||75 - 86 ℉ (23.9 - 30 ℃)|
|PH||7.0 - 8.5|
|GH||2 - 15|
|KH||3 - 15|
|TDS||50 - 150|
These Endlers are only found in the warm waters in Laguna de Patos in Venezuela, which is a large freshwater lake. It contains a high level of algae which gives the lake its green colouration.
Endlers are currently threatened in the wild, as their habitat has had a rubbish dump built on the shores of the lake which has caused pollution in the water making them less available and becoming extinct.
Endlers feed on small insects, algae and plant matter in the wild.
This diet should be followed as much as possible in the home aquarium.
You can accomplish this by feeding them high-quality flake food, live and frozen foods such as Daphnia, Bloodworm and brine shrimp, and they also require vegetable supplements such as shelled and blanched peas.
Sexing the Santa Maria Endler
Female Santa Marias are much plumper, are usually unmarked, and are very plain in colour whereas the males are much smaller and are far more colourful and vibrant than females.
Breeding the Santa Maria Endler
Santa Maria endlers are prolific breeders.
As long as the condition of the water is stable, you have a higher number of females than males, and your aquarium is well planted, for the babies, once born, to hide in, as there is a slight chance they may get eaten.
Endler guppy females become fertile from the age of 2 months. The males will then continuously try and mate with the females.
Internal fertilization is performed due to a modified anal fin of the male fish. They will produce fry every 23 - 24 days on average.