Santa Maria Endler (Poecilia Wingei)
Santa Maria Endlers are very peaceful, hardy, and an active species with unique colouring. These Endlers have no special requirements making them ideal for the beginner aquarist as well as a novelty for advanced aquarists.
Santa Maria Endlers, also known as Bleeding Heart Endlers, are suitable for the nano or well-planted community aquarium. You can house these fish with most other peaceful community species; however, you should avoid keeping these fish with larger, more aggressive species such as Cichlids, Tiger Barbs or any other fish species known to nip fins.
Santa Maria Endlers usually swim around the top level of an aquarium; however, you will also find them swimming in the middle and bottom levels when foraging for food or chasing females for courting.
Santa Maria Endlers are best kept in groups as they are pretty sociable; it will also make your aquarium look more natural.
Male Santa Maria Endlers display a dark, almost black colour on the top half of their body, contrasted with a reddish-orange colour on the lower part of their body. Their dorsal fin has some blueish-white colouring as well as some orangey-red colouring contrasted with some dark patterning. Their caudal fin shows the exact colour and some patterning at the base. These colours intensify when they are in spawning conditions.
Santa Maria Endler (Poecilia Wingei) Video
|Scientific Name||Poecilia Wingei|
|Other Names||Bleeding Heart Endler|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Best kept as||Groups 5+|
|Lifespan||2 - 3 years|
|PH||7.0 - 8.5|
|GH||2 - 15|
|KH||3 - 15|
|TDS||50 - 150|
|75 - 86℉|
23.9 - 30℃
In the home aquarium, the Santa Maria Endler will readily accept most good quality dried foods such as granules, flakes and sinking pellets. These modern food products have been developed to provide all adequate nutrition to maintain your fish's health and dietary requirements.
Providing additional foodstuffs such as live, frozen, and freeze-dried meals such as bloodworm, daphnia, and tubifex once or twice a week will provide additional benefits to your fish's health and well-being but is not a must for this fish.
It should be noted that bloodworms should only be given as an occasional treat and should not be used as the staple diet as they are difficult for fish to digest and can potentially cause blockages.
This fish is an omnivore in the wild, meaning it will consume some vegetable matter. Although most modern fish foods take this into account and include them in their products, you can still supplement your fish's diet with blanched vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, and zucchini. Ensure you do not overfeed your fish and remove any leftovers the following day.
Endlers are the easiest livebearers to breed as they do not predate on their fry anywhere near the level of other livebearers. Though when the colony gets going with more mouths to feed, the yield of try will lessen, and the colony will balance itself out. From our experience in keeping and breeding endlers, it seems the first batch of fry is most likely to be predated on, and once the adults are used to seeing fry around, they tend to leave subsequent fry drops alone.
Female Endlers will drop fry every 26-30 days depending on temperature; higher temperatures will shorten the gestation period. Females can start dropping fry from 2-3 months of age, although the smaller and younger the fish, the less fry they will drop. Some first drops can produce as little as 2-3 fry, and mature adult females can typically produce 30-50 fry.
If you wish to maximise the survival rate of your Santa Maria Endler fry, we recommend adding Guppy Grass to the aquarium. Guppy grass is a fast-growing and straightforward plant that provides a lot of coverage for the fry, which are most vulnerable for the first hour after being born before becoming free swimming. You can also use a cheap floating breeding Hatchery if you want to be sure no fry are lost but be prepared to be constantly diving into your aquarium to net out new fry every month.
In summary, the bigger question isn't how to breed endlers, but how do you *not breed* endlers :).