El Tigre Endler (Poecilia wingei)
El Tigre Endlers are active, hardy and adaptable. They are also straightforward to keep and breed, making them an excellent fish for beginner aquarists as well as a novelty for advanced aquarists. In addition, these Endlers are incredibly colourful and peaceful, and their small size makes them perfect for the nano or planted aquarium.
El Tigre Endlers should be maintained in groups as they feel more comfortable, leading to an attractive, exciting and more natural-looking display. You can house these Endlers with other small peaceful fish as long as they are not known to nip at fins. Adult dwarf shrimp also make ideal tankmates; however, Endlers may eat shrimplets. More significant, peaceful invertebrates can also make good tankmates, but much larger, more aggressive fish is not advised as they will probably see these fish as a snack.
Endlers typically occupy the middle to the top levels of the water column; however, you can often see them swimming and feeding in the bottom levels. These fish are not afraid to jump, so you should make sure your aquarium has a tight-fitting lid or at least a significantly lowered water level. El Tigre Endlers will not eat or bother plants.
You can distinguish El Tigre Endlers by distinctive lime green and orangy-red markings on their bodies contrasted by a horizontal black line as well as a black dorsal fin on their body.
|Scientific Name||Poecilia wingei|
|Aquarium Level||All Levels|
|Best kept as||Groups 6+|
|Lifespan||2 - 3 years|
|Temperature||75 - 86 ℉ (23.9 - 30 ℃)|
|PH||7.0 - 8.5|
|GH||15 - 35|
|KH||4 - 6|
|TDS||50 - 150|
Natural Habitat of the El Tigre Endler
El Tigre Endlers originate from El Tigre, a city in Venezuela located in the state Anzoategui, an equal distance from the Orinoco River and the Caribbean Sea in the Guanipa Mesa, crossed by the Tigre River in South America. They inhabit warm, hard waters containing high algae levels, which gives the lakes and creeks their distinctive green colouration.
Other Endlers of interest
What to feed the El Tigre Endler
El Tigre Endlers are omnivores and feed on small insects, algae and plant matter in the wild. Therefore, it would be best to recreate this diet as closely as possible in the home aquarium. However, these fish will thrive and remain very colourful on a varied diet of live, frozen and freeze-dried foods such as bloodworm, daphnia and brine shrimp supplemented with high quality dried food such as flakes, pellets and granules. El Tigre Endlers will also readily accept spirulina or other nutritious vegetable matter like blanched zucchini or shelled peas.
How to Breed the El Tigre Endler
Like all Endlers, El Tigre Endlers are productive breeders. They give birth to live young around every 23 to 28 days. If you keep at least two females to every male in a heavily planted aquarium, the fish will do the rest without any human intervention.
The male will transfer his milt into the female via his gonopodium, where it is then saved and used to fertilise her eggs. Just before the live young are released, the female will start to present a dark black gravid spot near her vent. Females can give birth to anything from one to thirty babies with each pregnancy and sometimes a lot more, depending on their size and age.
The fry will initially spend their first few hours of life at the bottom of the aquarium, where they will consume their yolk sacs. At this point, they are most vulnerable to predators, including their mothers and any other Endler females; however, the males seem less interested in cannibalism.
Once the fry has consumed their entire yolk sac, you can then feed them with powdered fry food, baby brine shrimp and crushed flake food. They will also snack on algae and microorganisms that develop on aquatic plants or tank decor.
The males will start to present colour around three to four weeks later. Still, it can take several months before developing the full extent and abundance of colour that characterises Endlers.