Max Size: 12cm

Pearl Gourami (Trichopodus Leerii)

Pearl Gouramis are among the most common and popular fish to keep in an aquarium. They are attractive, hardy, peaceful and adaptable, ideal for a community aquarium and beginner aquarists. However, these fish do better with similarly sized non-aggressive fish that do not fin nip or are too active.

Ideal tankmates for your Pearl Gouramis could include other Gouramis, Tetras, smallish Barbs, and Danios, as well as bottom-dwelling species such as Corydoras Catfish, Loaches and Bristlenose Plecos. However, it would be better to avoid housing them with aggressive or highly energetic fish or become reserved. It would help if you also avoided very small fish as they may be intimidated by the larger Pearl Gouramis.

Pearl Gouramis are not a shoaling species in nature; however, you can keep a group of females together, but the males need to be minimal, or they will fight as they can become very territorial, especially when in breeding conditions.

The ideal aquarium setup for your Pearl Gouramis would mimic their natural environment. This would include plenty of aquatic plants making sure you leave some swimming space, rocks, driftwood and bogwood placed on a sandy substrate to give them places to hide if they feel frightened. You should avoid using floating plants as these fish have a labyrinth organ that allows them to breathe, so they spend a lot of their time at the surface of the aquarium, and you do not want to block their route to oxygen.

Pearl Gouramis have silvery blue bodies with a distinct black line that runs from the head to the tail. Also, these fish have stunning white spots that resemble pearl-like patterns on their bodies and fins, and their fins are large and delicate. Additionally, when spawning, the males have a bright orange throat. This species can also be found in goldish-blonde and balloon-shaped morphs, but these are rare.


Pearl Gouramis
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Pearl Gourami
Quick Facts
Scientific NameTrichopodus Leerii
Year Described1852
Other NamesLace gourami, Mosaic gourami, Leeri gourami
OriginsIndonesia, Malaysia, Thailand
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
ReproductionBubble nest
Lifespan3 - 5 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH5.5 - 8.0
GH5 - 25
KH3 - 8
TDS50 - 150
72 - 82℉
22.2 - 27.8℃

Natural Habitat

Borneo Peat Swamp Forest


In the home aquarium, the Pearl Gourami will readily accept most good quality dried foods such as granules, flakes and sinking pellets. These modern food products have been developed to provide all adequate nutrition to maintain your fish's health and dietary requirements.

Providing additional foodstuffs such as live, frozen, and freeze-dried meals such as bloodworm, daphnia, and tubifex once or twice a week will provide additional benefits to your fish's health and well-being but is not a must for this fish.

It should be noted that bloodworms should only be given as an occasional treat and should not be used as the staple diet as they are difficult for fish to digest and can potentially cause blockages.

This fish is an omnivore in the wild, meaning it will consume some vegetable matter. Although most modern fish foods take this into account and include them in their products, you can still supplement your fish's diet with blanched vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, and zucchini. Ensure you do not overfeed your fish and remove any leftovers the following day.

Sexual Dimorphism

It is effortless to differentiate between males and female Pearl Gouramis. Males are generally larger and more colourful and exhibit orange colouration around the throat area, which becomes much brighter when in spawning conditions they use to attract females. In addition, males also have an orange tinge in their fins, except for the caudal fin and have more extended fins. In contrast, females are smaller, duller, have shorter fins and are usually rounder in their stomachs than males.

The Pearl Gourami has been featured on the following stamps

Vietnam - 1981
Cambodia - 1985
Bulgaria - 1993
Madagascar - 1994