Golden Mascara Tetra (Cyphocharax multilineatus)
Golden Mascara Tetras are good-looking fish and very hardy. However, it may be good to be handy to know that although these fish are said to be peaceful and non-territorial, they may occasionally show some aggression towards other species.
You can keep Golden Mascara Tetras in either a pair or in groups. The most important thing for you to remember is that these fish are relatively large for a Tetra and will need plenty of space to swim in.
Golden Mascara Tetras will thrive in an aquarium with plenty of vegetation such as aquatic plants, marsh plants and driftwood roots and branches. Adding dried leaf litter will further accentuate the natural feel of the wild as tannins are released, giving you that blackwater effect.
Golden Mascara Tetras have a greyish body with a greenish tint that gets darker on the dorsal portion of the body and the head. These Tetras also possess a rounded dark blotch at the caudal peduncle. Furthermore, their bodies display a pattern of horizontal stripes formed by a series of prominent dark spots situated over the centre of the scales on the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the body and their abdominal area.
The lower surface of the head is a silvery-white colour, and this Tetra also has a relatively broad longitudinal dark stripe running from their snout to the rear portion of the eye.
|Scientific Name||Cyphocharax multilineatus|
|Other Names||Striped Characin, Golden Curimata|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Best kept as||Pairs|
|Lifespan||5 - 8 years|
|PH||5.5 - 7.5|
|GH||8 - 20|
|72 - 80℉|
22.2 - 26.7℃
Photos of the Golden Mascara Tetra
The Golden Mascara Tetra is endemic to the Upper Negro River in Brazil and Venezuela in South America, as well as in the upper portions of the Orinoco River in Venezuela. They inhabit moderately flowing, shallow, clear blackwaters in streams and rivers, and the substrate comprises sand and submerged rocks. These habitats have an abundance of aquatic vegetation.
What to feed the Golden Mascara Tetra
Golden Mascara Tetras are omnivorous in the wild, feeding on crustaceans, small invertebrates and algae. However, in the home aquarium, these Tetras will survive on a diet of good quality dried foods like pellets, flakes and granules, making sure some of which contain algae content. Still, like most fish, they fare better when offered a varied menu also containing live, frozen and freeze-dried food such as Mysis Shrimp, mosquito larvae, daphnia, bloodworm, Moina and brine shrimp as this will help your Tetras stay healthy and to develop brighter colouring.
How to sex the Golden Mascara Tetra
It is very challenging to differentiate between male and female Golden Mascara Tetras as they are very similar in appearance. However, the females will appear rounder in the body when they are full of eggs.
How to breed the Golden Mascara Tetra
Unfortunately, there is very little to no information available on how to breed the Golden Mascara Tetra. However, they will more than likely produce in the same way as other Charcin species.
These Tetras will require a separate breeding tank. The tank should have soft acidic water, be dimly lit and be heavily planted. Spawning mops are also an excellent medium to lay eggs upon. Placing a mesh with big holes for the eggs to fall through but not large enough for the parents to reach them at the bottom of the tank is also advisable; that way, if any eggs fall, they can be safe from the parents. Adding some live food into the tank is also advisable to induce spawning.
It will be obvious when the female is ready to spawn and should be transferred into the breeding tank as she will swim more actively around the tank. Once the female has been placed in the breeding tank, add one or two of your healthiest and best-coloured males, they will encourage her to lay her eggs by bumping into her.
The female will then scatter her eggs on the available plants or spawning mops, and some may very well drop to the bottom of the tank. The male will then fertilise them immediately.
Once spawning has finished, remove the adults, as they are likely to consume the eggs if given a chance, and take no further parental responsibility. It is recommended that you also turn the lights off as the eggs and the fry are especially sensitive to the light.
The eggs will hatch approximately 24-36 hours after being laid, depending on the temperature. The newly hatched fry will initially feed on their yolk sac, and then 4 to 5 days later, they become free-swimming and can be provided with infusoria, especially rotifer.