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Maximum size : 12 cm

Gold Gourami - Trichogaster trichopterus : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

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The Golden Gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus) is a stunning and popular addition to any aquarium, boasting an attractive golden yellow hue with deep tones along their back. These elongated, sideways compressed fish possess unique long, touch-sensitive, threadlike ventral fins, which aid them in sensing their surroundings. As a hardy and long-lived species, the Golden Gourami is an excellent choice for beginner aquarists. However, it's important to note that their temperament may become more aggressive as they reach adulthood, so it's essential to select suitable tankmates of a similar size. The Gold Gourami is equipped with a labyrinth organ, which enables them to breathe atmospheric air, making them capable of surviving in stagnant waters with low oxygen levels. Hence, it is imperative that the surface of the aquarium is accessible to these fish to facilitate their ability to gulp air as required. One of the unique features of the Golden Gourami is the absence of the two black spots typically seen on three-spot Gourami. Instead, the white spots on their bodies extend into their fins, creating a stunning and eye-catching display.

Gold Gourami Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

To distinguish between male and female Gold Gouramis the most reliable method is to examine their dorsal fins. Males have elongated and pointed dorsal fins, while females have shorter and rounder ones. This difference in fin morphology is a sexually dimorphic trait that is commonly observed in many gourami species.

Quick Facts

Scientific NameTrichogaster trichopterus
Year Described1770
Other NamesCrosby Gourami
Max Size12 cm
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asGroups 5+
ReproductionBubble nest
Lifespan4 - 8 years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.0 - 8.5
GH4 - 18
72 - 82
22.2 - 27.8

Natural habitat

The Gold Gourami can be found throughout Southeast Asia, from the lush and vibrant lands of Borneo, Sumatra, and Java in Indonesia to Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Singapore. The Gold Gourami is a true master of adaptation, inhabiting sluggishly still, slow-moving waters in swamps, marshes, lowland wetlands, and canals covered in dense vegetation. Despite the challenging environments in which they live, the Gold Gourami thrives, demonstrating their incredible adaptability and resilience. One of the most remarkable features of the Gold Gourami is their migratory patterns, moving from permanent water bodies to flooded areas during the flood season, such as seasonally swamped forests in the middle and lower Mekong. And then, during the dry season, they will return to these permanent water bodies, demonstrating their incredible adaptability and resilience. Join us on a journey to discover the captivating world of the Gold Gourami and explore their unique behaviour and adaptations. From their stunning appearance to their remarkable resilience in challenging environments, the Gold Gourami is a true marvel of the natural world and a must-see for any fish enthusiast.

How to breed the Gold Gourami

The breeding process of the Gold Gourami is relatively straightforward, with the male constructing a bubble nest on the water's surface. To initiate breeding, males will repeatedly swim beneath the nest, flaring their fins and raising their tails to attract the female. Once the female is ready to breed, the male will wrap himself around her and fertilize up to 800 eggs in a single spawning. He will then transfer the eggs to the nest, where he will vigorously defend them until hatching. To ensure optimal growth of the fry, it is recommended to remove the female from the spawning pond immediately after spawning is complete. The eggs will hatch approximately 48 hours later, and the fry will become free-swimming shortly after. At this point, the male should also be removed from the tank to avoid any unintentional harm to the fry. It is essential to cover the aquarium tightly to maintain the required humidity and temperature for the fry's proper labyrinth organ development. Feeding the fry liquid fry food or infusoria until they are large enough to consume baby brine shrimp is also crucial to their healthy growth.

Diet & feeding

The Gold Gourami, being an omnivorous species, has a diverse diet that includes live, frozen, freeze-dried and flake foods. Providing a high-quality flake or granular food as a staple diet is recommended, which can be supplemented with various substitutes such as bloodworms, white worms, and brine shrimp. Occasional feeding of blanched vegetables can also be provided to maintain a balanced diet.

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