Gold Gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus) Species Profile & Care Guide
The Gold Gourami makes excellent community fish with others of the same size, but their temperament becomes more aggressive as they achieve adulthood. Because they are exceptionally hardy and long-lived, they make an excellent fish for the beginner aquarist.
The Gold Gourami is an elongated, sideways compressed species with long, touch-sensitive, threadlike ventral fins that are used to feel their surroundings.
Their fins are relatively large and rounded, their bodies are attractive golden yellow, and the tones along the back of the fish are more profound. This variant does not have the two black spots usually seen on the three-spot gurami, and the white spots on the body extending to the fins make the fish beautiful.
The Gold Gourami possess a labyrinth organ that enables them to breathe atmospheric air to survive in stagnant waters with low oxygen content. They should always have access to the aquarium's surface to gulp air when needed.
|Scientific Name||Trichogaster trichopterus|
|Other Names||Crosby Gourami|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Difficulty||Beginner - Intermediate|
|Best kept as||Groups 5+|
|Lifespan||4 - 8 years|
|Temperature||72 - 82 ℉ (22.2 - 27.8 ℃)|
|PH||6.0 - 8.5|
|GH||4 - 18|
Natural Habitat of the Gold Gourami
You can find the Gold Gourami in Borneo, Sumatra, and Java in Indonesia and also in Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam and Singapore in Southeast Asia.
These Gouramis inhabit sluggishly, still, slow-moving waters in swamps, marshes, lowland wetlands and canals covered in dense vegetation.
During the flood season, they will migrate from permanent water bodies to flooded areas, such as seasonally swamped forests in the middle and lower Mekong. And then during the dry season, they will return to these permanent water bodies.
Other Gouramis of interest
The Gold Gourami is omnivorous and will eat a variety of live, frozen, freeze-dried and flake foods. To maintain a right balance, please provide them with a high-quality flake or granular food as an essential diet and supplement that with blood worms, white worms, brine shrimp or any other suitable substitutes. You can also provide blanched vegetables occasionally.
Breeding the Gold Gourami
The Gold Gourami is a bubble nest builder and is relatively easy to breed. It would be best if you lowered the water level of the breeding tank, and you should increase the temperature.
Males will construct a bubble nest on the surface of the water, and when preparing to breed, will attract the female by repeatedly swimming under the nest, raising the tail and flaring his fins.
Males will wrap themselves around females and fertilize up to 800 eggs in a single spawning. When the female lays eggs, the male puts the eggs in the nest, where he will defend the eggs until they hatch.
It is recommended that the female be removed from the spawning pond immediately after spawning is complete. The eggs will hatch around 48 hours later and will be free swimming shortly after that. Remove the male from the tank and cover the aquarium tightly to ensure the expected growth of the labyrinth organs in the fry.
Once the fry becomes free-swimming, you should feed them on liquid fry food or infusoria until they are big enough to eat things like baby brine shrimp.