Max Size: 40.5cm

Flowerhorn Cichlid (Cichlasomatinae)

A Flowerhorn Cichlid, Cichlasomatinae, is an excellent choice for hobbyists looking for unique and large Cichlids. It is evident that these Cichlids have great personalities and are very engaged in the environment in which they live. Therefore, it is impossible not to fall in love with these fish when you purchase them. In the aquarium hobby, these hybrids are one of the most eye-catching cichlid interbreeding results.

Due to their hardiness, these Cichlids are very easy to maintain. If you plan on keeping them with tank mates, the tank will need to be considerably larger since they grow quite large. Although they will occasionally hide behind rocks in the tank, these Cichlids prefer to spend much of their time out in the open. Any living plant in their aquarium is likely to be consumed by these fish, so it is best not to keep plants there.

Displaying the Flowerhorn Cichlid individually is the best method of keeping it. It is not advisable to keep them in a community tank unless it is substantial because they are aggressive and territorial. Watch for signs of injury or stress in any tankmates. Known to bite hands, these fish can cause lacerations and marks on human skin. Make sure your tank is decorated in a way that provides natural borders for its territory so that other fish are kept out of its line of sight.

You cannot find the Flowerhorn Cichlid in the wild, as it is a man-made creation. Malaysian fishkeepers intentionally cross-bred multiple types of cichlids to produce the Flowerhorn.

As the Flowerhorn Cichlid matures, its colouring and patterns will change and evolve, which is one of its most exciting features. Four different types of Flowerhorns are available: Regular, Pearl Scale, Zhen Zhu, and Golden.

A Flowerhorn Cichlid's body is thick and oval, and its nuchal hump protrudes. This is a large cichlid with bluish-green metallic scales and reddish-pink colouration in the front half of the body. There is a black horizontal marking on most of them, although some do not have it. Caudal fins are rounded and spade-like, while anal and dorsal fins are long and pointed.


Flowerhorn cichlid
Flowerhorn cichlid
Flowerhorn cichlid
Flowerhorn cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Quick Facts
Scientific NameCichlasomatinae
Year Described1993
Other NamesHua Luo Han Cichlid
Aquarium LevelAll Levels
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asLoners
Lifespanup to 10 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.5 - 8.0
GH9 - 20
80 - 89℉
26.7 - 31.7℃


Because the Flowerhorn Cichlid is a carnivore; it would be best if you aimed to feed your fish on a diet primarily of meaty foodstuffs such as live and/or frozen daphnia, brine shrimp, lobster eggs, cyclops, Mysis shrimp and bloodworm. Bloodworm should be used sparingly as it is hard for your fish to digest.

You can also cut up earthworms from your garden or chop up shop brought mussels, prawns, krill and fresh fish (be sure only to use fresh or frozen fish and not fish canned in oil).

You can also try your fish with dried foods formulated for predatory fish and made up of insect material such as Fluval bug bites, which can also be used to supplement the diet.

Get to know your fish and test which foods they prefere and which they ignore but always be sure not to overfeed your fish and remove excessive uneaten food whenever possible.

Sexual Dimorphism

The sexing method has not been confirmed, but it has been suggested that a thick tube sticks out of the vent when the adults are ready to breed. Some believe the male's tube is wider, others say the females are thicker, others believe the vent is oversized, not the tube, while others speculate that the female may have a very dark spot on her dorsal fin.

It is thought that tilapia farmers use a system that may work. When you are holding a juvenile, they suggest laying it on its back in the palm of your hand. Then, lightly press it from below the "rib cage" down towards the vent with the stomach facing up. There will be a transparent liquid squirting out if it is a male; if it is a female, there will be nothing. Experts believe this is the only dependable procedure.

Other Cichlids of interest

African Butterfly Cichlid(Anomalochromis thomasi)
Banded Apistogramma(Apistogramma bitaeniata)
Blue Panda Apistogramma(Apistogramma panduro, Apistogramma pandurini)
Bolivian Ram Cichlid(Mikrogeophagus altispinosus)
Checkerboard Cichlid(Dicrossus filamentosus)
Cockatoo Dwarf Cichlid(Apistogramma cacatuoides)
View all Cichlids
Date Added: 11/01/2021 - Updated: 24/08/2022 16:32:07