Flameback Bleeding Heart Tetra (Hyphessobrycon pyrrhonotus)
Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetras have a peaceful disposition and mix well with fish of similar size and temperament, making them excellent members of the well-researched community aquarium. However, they may bully smaller Tetras if not kept in a large enough group. Nevertheless, these Tetras make an impressive centrepiece for medium to large planted aquariums.
Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetras can be easily intimidated, so make sure you do not house them with boisterous species. In addition, it is not recommended that you keep these Tetras with fancy long-finned species, as sometimes the elaborate finnage can be too much of a temptation. Ideal tank mates for these fish could include similarly-sized Characids, Dwarf Cichlids, Hatchet Fish, Pencilfish, smaller Loricariids and Corydoras Catfish.
Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetras are a schooling species in nature, so it would be better if you kept them in larger groups of six or more individuals. If you keep these fish in larger groups, you are more likely to notice the harmless natural displays between rival males and their dazzling colours intensifying further.
Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetras fare better in an established, well-furnished aquarium. For example, a natural-looking arrangement might consist of a soft, sandy substrate with driftwood branches and roots and bogwood placed so that plenty of shady spots are formed as well as aquatic plants including floating plants.
Adding dried leaves such as oak or Indian almond would further emphasise the natural feel and will also allow the growth of beneficial microbe colonies as decomposition occurs. These microbes can provide an important secondary food source for babies, whilst the tannins and other chemicals discharged by the rotting leaves are viewed as beneficial.
Like numerous fishes that naturally inhabit pristine environments, these Tetras are intolerant to the accumulation of organic pollutants and require spotless water. Therefore, some decent filtration will be needed, and weekly water changes are essential. However, it would be best if you did not introduce these Tetras to a biologically immature aquarium.
Flame Back Bleeding Heart Tetras exhibit attractive pink colouration with a heart-shaped marking on their sides. These Tetras also have red eyes and an iridescent red stripe extending across their dorsal surface through the caudal, leading to an extended black dorsal fin edged in white.
|Scientific Name||Hyphessobrycon pyrrhonotus|
|Other Names||Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetra|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Difficulty||Beginner - Intermediate|
|Best kept as||Groups 6+|
|Lifespan||3 - 5 years|
|Temperature||68 - 82 ℉ (20 - 27.8 ℃)|
|PH||4.0 - 7.0|
|GH||2 - 10|
|TDS||18 - 143|
Natural Habitat of the Flameback Bleeding Heart Tetra
Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetras are endemic to the Rio Negro system of Brazil in South America. They inhabit a small shallow river with woody areas of fallen branches and roots. Due to the slow release of organic acids and tannins from decaying plant material, these habitats are inadequately buffered and typically stained brown and are usually full of aquatic plants and typically underneath overhanging riparian vegetation.
Other Tetras of interest
What to feed the Flameback Bleeding Heart Tetra
In the aquarium, Red Back Bleeding Heart Teras are easily fed. However, for the best condition and colours of your fish, you should offer them frequent meals of small live, frozen and freeze-dried foods such as mosquito larvae, bloodworm and vitamin-enriched daphnia and artemia. It would be best to supplement this with good quality dried food such as flakes, micropellets and granules.
How to Sex the Flameback Bleeding Heart Tetra
It is effortless to differentiate between male and female Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetras. The males will grow noticeably larger and are more intensely coloured than females, and their dorsal, pelvic and anal fins are highly extended. In contrast, adult females usually have rounder bellies, especially when they are gravid.
How to Breed the Flameback Bleeding Heart Tetra
Unfortunately, successful breeding of the Red Back Bleeding Heart Tetra has been unrecorded. However, they will most likely be egg-scattering spawners who exhibit no parental care, just like most Tetras.