Max Size: 8cm

Bolivian Ram Cichlid (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus)

Bolivian Ram Cichlids, Mikrogeophagus altispinosus, are beautiful, small, and peaceful cichlids with friendly and intelligent dispositions. One of the easiest Dwarf Cichlids to keep, these fish are suitable for both beginner and advanced aquarists. Additionally, these Cichlids would make excellent additions to a community aquarium. Nevertheless, these fish won't do well in a tank with aggressive fish, but they'll get along well with other peaceful Dwarf Cichlids and other non-cichlid fish.

To maintain good water quality, frequent water changes are recommended; otherwise, as with all cichlids, disease or death can occur.

There are long pointed tails and fins on the Bolivian Ram Cichlid, which has an elongated oval-shaped body. Dorsal, anal, pectoral, and tail fins are orange or red with a light brown or greyish-blue body colour. They are usually characterized by a yellowish front half, a black spot in the centre, and a black curve running through the eye.


Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Bolivian Ram Cichlid
Quick Facts
Scientific NameMikrogeophagus altispinosus
Year Described1911
Other NamesBolivian Butterfly, Bolivian Ram, Ruby Crown Cichlid
OriginsBolivia, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago
Aquarium LevelMiddle
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asPairs
Lifespanup to 4 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.0 - 7.5
GH6 - 14
TDS18 - 179
74 - 78℉
23.3 - 25.6℃


In the home aquarium, the Bolivian Ram Cichlid will readily accept most good quality dried foods such as granules, flakes and sinking pellets. These modern food products have been developed to provide all adequate nutrition to maintain your fish's health and dietary requirements.

Providing additional foodstuffs such as live, frozen, and freeze-dried meals such as bloodworm, daphnia, and tubifex once or twice a week will provide additional benefits to your fish's health and well-being but is not a must for this fish.

It should be noted that bloodworms should only be given as an occasional treat and should not be used as the staple diet as they are difficult for fish to digest and can potentially cause blockages.

This fish is an omnivore in the wild, meaning it will consume some vegetable matter. Although most modern fish foods take this into account and include them in their products, you can still supplement your fish's diet with blanched vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, and zucchini. Ensure you do not overfeed your fish and remove any leftovers the following day.

Sexual Dimorphism

Identifying male and female Bolivian Ram Cichlids is relatively straightforward. Adult males grow larger and slimmer than females, possess a more pointed dorsal fin, have extended filaments on their tail fin, and are more intensely coloured.

Other Cichlids of interest

African Butterfly Cichlid(Anomalochromis thomasi)
Banded Apistogramma(Apistogramma bitaeniata)
Blue Panda Apistogramma(Apistogramma panduro, Apistogramma pandurini)
Checkerboard Cichlid(Dicrossus filamentosus)
Cockatoo Dwarf Cichlid(Apistogramma cacatuoides)
Convict Cichlid(Amatitlania nigrofasciata)
View all Cichlids
Date Added: 18/11/2020 - Updated: 23/08/2022 15:25:19