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Maximum size : 4 - 5 cm

Black Darter Tetra - Poecilocharax weitzmani : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

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The Black Darter Tetra, or Poecilocharax weitzmaniis, is a fascinating fish with a unique personality. Unlike many other Tetra species, these fish do not congregate in large shoals, and instead prefer to keep to themselves. Male Black Darter Tetras can be quite territorial and aggressive towards each other, which is why it' s recommended to keep them in small groups consisting of one or two males and several females. This will help to reduce bullying and ensure a peaceful environment for all. While these fish can be a bit challenging to care for, they are well worth the effort. For best results, it' s recommended to keep them in a single species biotope tank, with a soft and sandy substrate, plenty of branches and driftwood roots for cover, dried leaf litter to maintain the pH, and floating plants to provide shade. The Black Darter Tetra has a unique appearance that sets it apart from other fish in the aquarium. Its body color is a pale orangy-brown, with a striking black lateral band and neon blue holes that run from the gills to the caudal fin. This fish is truly a sight to behold and will make a stunning addition to any aquarium.

Black Darter Tetra Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

The sexual dimorphism in Black Darter Tetras is noticeable, with males being larger and more vibrant than females. Males have longer dorsal and anal fins, which are more extended and colourful than those of females. On the other hand, females are relatively smaller and have shorter fins, and their colouration is not as striking as males. These differences make it relatively easy to distinguish between the two sexes.

Quick Facts

Scientific NamePoecilocharax weitzmani
Year Described1965
Other NamesWeitzman Tetra, Black Morpho Tetra
OriginsPeru Venezuela Colombia Brazil
Max Size4 - 5 cm
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
Best kept asGroups 5+
Lifespan3 - 5 years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
PH3.5 - 6.5
GH1 - 10
TDS0 - 90
75 - 82
23.9 - 27.8

Natural habitat

The Black Darter Tetra, an exquisite aquatic species native to the pristine blackwater freshwater rivers of South America. These captivating creatures thrive in the upper reaches of the Rio Negro, Rio Orinoco, Rio Inirida, and Solimoes (the upper stretches of the Amazon River), as well as the Casiquiare canal spanning Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru. Black Darter Tetras flourish in the gentle, meandering rainforest streams that boast soft, acidic waters with sandy or muddy substrates. Their habitats are characterized by an abundance of decomposing leaf litter and a myriad of submerged trees. These aquatic environments are nestled within lush tropical rainforests, where the dense jungle canopy casts a perpetual blanket of shade and protection. The enchanting dark tea-colored waters, a result of the discharge of tannins and organic acids from decomposing plant matter, create an alluring and unique habitat for these stunning fish. Experience the enthralling world of the Black Darter Tetra and the extraordinary ecosystems they call home.
 Inirida River - Colombia
Colombia Flag
 Orinoco - Venezuela
Venezuela Flag
 Solimões - Brazil
Brazil Flag

How to breed the Black Darter Tetra

Breeding Black Darter Tetras in an aquarium environment is uncommon, but it is possible with the right conditions. These fish require a soft and acidic environment with ample hiding places, such as rock caves, flowerpots, or PVC pipes, where they can lay their eggs. To encourage spawning, you should condition these fish by providing small live foods. When they are ready, the females will become darker, and their anal fins will turn a vivid red color. The males' colors will become more intense, and the edges of their pelvic fins will thicken and turn white. Males will establish territories around single or multiple caves and guard them from other males. Within a few days of the female entering the male' s territory, spawning will usually occur, with the female depositing 50 to 100 eggs on the inside roof of the cave. The male will protect the eggs and refuse to eat until they hatch, which is usually after 4 to 5 days. Once the fry is swimming freely, it is essential to remove the males or the parents will consume them. During the brooding stage, it is vital to feed the males plenty of live food since they refuse to eat otherwise. It is also common for males to spawn with other females during the incubation period.

Diet & feeding

In the domestic aquarium setting, feeding Black Darter Tetras can present certain challenges. While live foods are a near-necessity, frozen bloodworms can typically be introduced to the diet over time through patient persuasion. It should be noted, however, that these particular tetras exhibit a distinct preference for live food items that display movement. Specifically, they have demonstrated a willingness to consume live microworms, daphnia, brine shrimp, grindal worms, and chopped bloodworms, while displaying notable reluctance towards freeze-dried or flake foods.

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