Maximum size : 5.5 cm

Venezuelan Orange Corydoras - Corydoras venezuelanus : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

Table of contents


The Orange Venezuelan Corydoras (Corydoras venezuelanus) exemplifies a remarkably peaceful and dynamic fish that readily adapts to a wide range of freshwater conditions, provided the aquarium is diligently maintained and abrupt fluctuations in water parameters are avoided. These fish exhibit definitive scavenging behaviour, primarily occupying and foraging at the bottom of the aquarium. Notably, the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras thrives within established subtropical community aquariums, where they flourish best when kept in groups of six or more individuals, owing to their inherent shoaling nature.

For optimal compatibility, selecting tankmates that share similar water conditions is paramount when housing the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras. Suitable companions may include Dwarf Cichlids such as Electric Blue Rams, Cardinal Tetras, Angelfish, Common Otocinclus, Rasboras, White Cloud Mountain Minnows, and Danios. While it should be noted that these Corydoras may prey upon smaller dwarf shrimp, larger shrimp varieties like Amano Shrimp and most other peaceful ornamental invertebrates typically coexist without issue. However, if breeding the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras is a goal, it is advisable to maintain them in a dedicated species-only aquarium.

Creating an ideal habitat for the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras entails implementing a substrate composed of sand or very smooth gravel, as coarse substrates have the potential to cause damage to their delicate barbels and underbelly. To enhance their well-being, providing ample shaded areas through the inclusion of driftwood, rocks, and densely planted regions proves beneficial. Additionally, maintaining areas with moderate water movement and ensuring proper oxygenation contributes to the overall health of these fish. Lastly, efficient filtration systems and adherence to standard maintenance practices, including regular partial water changes, are essential in maintaining the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras in optimal condition.

The Orange Venezuelan Corydoras boasts distinctive physical characteristics, notably featuring a large, greenish-blue black oval spot adorning the shoulder region. As the fish matures, a vibrant orange hue becomes prominent along its back, while a discernible, iridescent brownish-red spot accentuates the back of its neck, further accentuating its visual appeal.

Venezuelan Orange Corydoras Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

Discerning between male and female Orange Venezuelan Corydoras can pose a moderate challenge, particularly during their juvenile stage. However, notable differences do emerge, particularly when females reach a gravid state. Typically, females exhibit a slightly larger, rounder, and broader body structure compared to males, particularly when filled with eggs. In contrast, the males tend to be somewhat smaller and possess a slimmer physique in relation to the females. These distinctive physical characteristics aid in distinguishing between the two genders of the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras.

Quick Facts

Scientific NameCorydoras venezuelanus
Year Described1911
Other NamesVenezuela's Corydoras, Orange Venezuelan Catfish, Orange Cory
Max Size5.5 cm
Aquarium LevelBottom
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asGroups 6+
Diet & FeedingOmnivore
ReproductionEgg Depositor
LifespanUp to 5 Years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
pH 6.5 - 8.0
GH 8 - 12
TDS 36 - 268
Ideal Temperature
65 - 80
18 - 26

Natural Habitat

The captivating Orange Venezuelan Corydoras calls the gorgeous Rio Tuy and Lake Valencia drainages its home, nestled in the scenic northern regions of Venezuela. As you explore the enchanting waterways of Aragua, Miranda, and Carabobo, you'll encounter these lively Corydoras. But their charm doesn't stop there! Venture further into the Orinoco drainage, where streams like the Rio Chirgua flow with life, and you'll discover these remarkable Corydoras gracefully navigating the currents.

In their natural habitat, the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras seek solace in the lower reaches of crystal-clear cooler waters. But what sets these remarkable fish apart is their ability to breathe air from the water's surface, allowing them to thrive even in the tranquil stillness of stagnant waters.


Breeding the Orange Venezuelan Corydoras can be relatively straightforward when appropriate water parameters are maintained. To initiate the breeding process, it is advisable to introduce two males with each female into a dedicated breeding tank containing well-established, well-oxygenated water. Ensuring the presence of ample vegetation or suitable areas for the female to deposit her eggs is crucial.

As the females become noticeably gravid, a significant water change with cooler water and enhanced oxygenation and flow within the tank should be performed. This process should be repeated daily until spawning occurs. When the pair is ready to spawn, they will assume the classic 'T position,' with the males fertilizing the eggs positioned between the female's pelvic fins. Subsequently, the female will deposit the eggs onto decor, plants, or the sides of the aquarium. Once the spawning process concludes, either the adult fish or the eggs should be promptly removed, depending on the preferred approach.

In the event of relocating the eggs, it is imperative to ensure that the raising tank mirrors the water parameters of the spawning tank and maintains adequate oxygenation. Some breeders incorporate a few drops of methylene blue or employ Alder Cones in the raising tank to inhibit egg fungal development. The incubation period typically spans between 3 and 5 days. Upon hatching, the fry can be initially nourished with powdered fry food for a few days before transitioning to small live foods, such as microworms and baby brine shrimp, as they grow.

Diet & feeding

Orange Venezuelan Corydoras, being omnivorous foragers, exhibit a versatile feeding behaviour and are generally receptive to a wide array of food offerings. However, to ensure their overall well-being, providing them with a varied and nutritious diet is essential. Offering a high-quality selection of dried sinking foods, such as algae wafers and pellets, serves as a suitable staple diet for these Corydoras. Supplementing their nutrition with small live, frozen, or freeze-dried food options further enhances their dietary intake. This can include offerings like daphnia, mosquito larvae, Tubifex, brine shrimp, and bloodworms.

It is crucial to emphasize that Orange Venezuelan Corydoras should not be solely reliant on leftover food from other tank inhabitants or expected to fulfil a cleaning role within the aquarium. Their dietary requirements are best met through a well-rounded and deliberate feeding regimen incorporating various appropriate food sources. By adhering to this approach, aquarists can effectively promote the health and vitality of their Orange Venezuelan Corydoras.

Other Corydoras of interest