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Maximum size : 7.5 cm

Sungguer Rainbowfish - Melanotaenia sp. Sungguer : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

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Renowned for its rarity, versatility, and adaptability, the Sungguer Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia sp "Sungguer") emerges as a splendid addition to both community aquariums, coexisting harmoniously with larger species and biotope aquariums alongside fellow Rainbowfish enthusiasts. The selection of compatible tankmates demands careful consideration, favouring congenial and playful companions while evading aggressive species. Occasionally, mature males may engage in minor territorial disputes, yet these encounters seldom pose a threat unless persistent harassment or injury occurs, emphasizing the significance of providing ample hiding spots.

Harnessing inherent resilience and remarkable tolerance for fluctuating water conditions, Sungguer Rainbowfish proves a fitting choice for fledgling aquarists embarking on their aquatic journey. Maintaining pristine water quality is a priority, necessitating regular water changes of 25-50% in heavily stocked setups. Additionally, their spirited nature reveals a penchant for leaping, emphasizing the indispensable requirement of a securely fitted tank cover.

To fully immerse oneself in the captivating allure of these magnificent creatures, it is highly recommended to maintain them in groups of six or more, as their natural inclination towards shoaling unveils their true splendour. Furthermore, accommodating their energetic disposition calls for a spacious aquarium, with a minimum length of 4 feet, to afford ample room for their graceful swimming prowess. Often underestimated during the juvenile stage due to their relatively subdued appearance, these young specimens undergo a breathtaking transformation, adorning themselves in resplendent hues as they settle into a meticulously curated planted aquarium, unveiling their undeniable allure.

Sungguer Rainbowfish Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

Distinguishing between male and female Sungguer Rainbowfish is a task that can be accomplished with relative ease. Males display subtle physical disparities that differentiate them from females. Typically, they possess a slightly larger body size and exhibit elongated fins, showcasing an exquisite showcase of their vibrant and captivating colouration. These distinct characteristics contribute to the visual distinction between the sexes, clearly differentiating male and female specimens.

Quick Facts

Scientific NameMelanotaenia sp. Sungguer
Max Size7.5 cm
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asGroups 6+
LifespanUp to 8 Years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
PH7.0 - 8.0
GH5 - 15
77 - 82
25 - 28

Natural habitat

Sungguer Rainbowfish are native to the Sungguer Creek in Indonesia's captivating Bird's Head Peninsula. This extraordinary species thrives in its natural habitats, encompassing a fascinating fusion of clear and tannin-stained waters. These collection sites present diverse environments characterized by muddy substrates dominating the landscape; however, submerged aquatic vegetation is relatively scarce within the shallow regions. 

These vibrant fish are drawn to these tranquil areas, where they gracefully navigate their aquatic domain. The undisturbed habitats, shielded by the towering forest canopy, serve as a sanctuary for these remarkable creatures. In contrast, the more exposed and sun-kissed disturbed sites offer a captivating glimpse into the dynamic interplay between light and life, showcasing the resilience and adaptability of Sungguer Rainbowfish in diverse ecological settings.

How to breed the Sungguer Rainbowfish

To achieve successful breeding of the Sungguer Rainbowfish, the establishment of a dedicated breeding tank with precise parameters is of paramount importance. This specialized environment should feature soft and acidic water conditions bolstered by implementing a sponge filter for efficient filtration. Including an abundance of fine-leaved plants is an excellent option, providing suitable spawning substrates, while a spawning mop can be utilized as an alternative.

It is highly recommended to introduce a meticulously selected group comprising three males and two females into the breeding tank, subsequent to their conditioning with a well-rounded diet encompassing live and plant-based foods. This dietary regimen aims to emulate the natural abundance observed during the flood season, fostering optimal conditions for successful reproduction. As the fish reach the stage of egg-laying readiness, the males will exhibit a captivating display of vibrant colours, enticing the females to accompany them to the designated spawning site.

To safeguard the precious eggs from being consumed by the parents, the prompt removal of the spawning mop or plants upon completion of the spawning process is essential. The fish will continue engaging in daily spawning activities for several days, albeit with a gradual decline in egg production. Therefore, it is advisable to remove the parents from the tank when a noticeable decrease in egg count occurs or when signs of fatigue become apparent in the females.

Approximately 7 to 12 days following the culmination of the spawning process, the eagerly awaited moment arrives as the eggs hatch, heralding the arrival of the fry. At this stage, the fry necessitates nourishment through infusoria or liquid fry food until they attain a size suitable for consuming small live foods. The rearing process of the fry demands attentive care and meticulous monitoring, ensuring their well-being and development until they reach an approximate age of two months.

Diet & feeding

In the controlled environment of the home aquarium, Sungguer Rainbowfish demonstrates its remarkable adaptability and enthusiastic embrace of a diverse range of nourishment. These captivating fish readily engage in a well-rounded diet that encompasses a variety of high-quality dried foods, including nutrient-rich granules, flakes, and sinking pellets. Carefully formulated to meet the specific nutritional needs of these vibrant aquatic creatures, these meticulously crafted food products contribute to their overall health and well-being.

While these comprehensive dried food options provide ample sustenance for the thriving health of Sungguer Rainbowfish, additional food choices can further enhance their vitality. Incorporating live, frozen, or freeze-dried delicacies, such as mini bloodworms, daphnia, and tubifex, once or twice a week offers supplementary benefits to these magnificent fish's overall happiness and wellness.

Although Sungguer Rainbowfish primarily display an omnivorous nature in their natural habitat, consuming a variety of plant and animal matter, it is worth noting that modern fish foods thoughtfully incorporate essential vegetable components. Nevertheless, for the discerning aquarist seeking to provide an extra layer of nutritional diversity and satisfaction, supplementing their fish's diet with blanched vegetables, such as nutrient-rich spinach, vibrant broccoli, and succulent zucchini, can be a rewarding choice.

While nourishing your Sungguer Rainbowfish, it is crucial to exercise moderation in feeding practices, ensuring an appropriate amount is offered, and any uneaten food is promptly removed the following day. This mindful approach ensures optimal dietary balance and maintains the overall water quality within the aquarium, safeguarding the health and well-being of these remarkable aquatic companions.

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