Max Size: 3.5cm

Salt and Pepper Corydoras (Corydoras habrosus)

Salt and Pepper Pygmy Corydoras are good-looking, peaceful fish perfect for a nano or well-planted aquarium. However, due to their shoaling nature, you should keep these Corys in groups of at least six individuals, ideally ten or more.

You can house these Corys in a community aquarium if you ensure they are kept with smaller peaceable fish species such as Ember Tetras, Clown Killifish, Endler guppies and Micro Rasboras. However, you should avoid keeping these fish with much larger, overly aggressive tankmates as they may be intimidated by or preyed upon.

There should be a sandy substrate in the aquarium to protect the delicate sensory barbels, as well as some shady hiding spots among driftwood and broad-leaved plants to provide shade. Floating plants are also beneficial as they can help diffuse bright lighting.

The tannins released by peat filtration will keep the water soft and acidic, allowing the fish to show their best colours. The filtration process should be efficient, but the water movement should be gentle.

The colour pattern varies among the Salt and Pepper Pygmy Corydoras; however, these Corys typically have a light tan body covered with black and shiny silver spotting and broken striping. There are two blotches along the flanks of these fish and a distinct large blotch on the caudal peduncle. Additionally, their Caudal fin also possesses dark stripes.


Salt & Pepper Pygmy Corydoras
Salt & Pepper Pygmy Corydoras
Quick Facts
Scientific NameCorydoras habrosus
Year Described1960
Other NamesDainty Cory, Salt And Pepper Cory, Venezuelan Pygmy Cory, Salt And Pepper Catfish
OriginsColombia, Venezuela
Aquarium LevelBottom
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asGroups 6+
Lifespanup to 5 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.0 - 8.0
GH5 - 20
TDS36 - 215
68 - 82℉
20 - 27.8℃


In the home aquarium, the Salt and Pepper Corydoras will readily accept most good quality dried foods such as granules, flakes and sinking pellets. These modern food products have been developed to provide all adequate nutrition to maintain your fish's health and dietary requirements.

Providing additional foodstuffs such as live, frozen, and freeze-dried meals such as bloodworm, daphnia, and tubifex once or twice a week will provide additional benefits to your fish's health and well-being but is not a must for this fish.

It should be noted that bloodworms should only be given as an occasional treat and should not be used as the staple diet as they are difficult for fish to digest and can potentially cause blockages.

This fish is an omnivore in the wild, meaning it will consume some vegetable matter. Although most modern fish foods take this into account and include them in their products, you can still supplement your fish's diet with blanched vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, and zucchini. Ensure you do not overfeed your fish and remove any leftovers the following day.

Sexual Dimorphism

It is relatively straightforward to differentiate between a male and female Salt and Pepper Pygmy Corydoras. The females will usually grow larger than the males and will be wider when viewed from above.

Other Corydoras of interest

Adolfos Catfish(Corydoras adolfoi)
Agassizs Corydoras(Corydoras agassizii)
Albino Corydoras(Corydoras aeneus)
Araguaia Corydoras(Corydoras araguaiaensis)
Armatus Corydoras(Corydoras armatus)
Axelrods Corydoras(Corydoras axelrodi)
View all Corydoras
Date Added: 12/01/2023 10:41:45 - Updated: 12/01/2023 12:44:44