Max Size: 3cm

Picta Swamp Guppy (Micropoecilia picta)

Picta Swamp Guppies are relatively small, active, and rare in the aquarium hobby. However, these fish are somewhat delicate, so they are not recommended for beginner aquarists.

Picta Swamp Guppies are a loose shoaling fish in nature, and it would be best to keep two or three females to every male to prevent individual females from being harassed.

These Guppies would thrive in a slightly brackish aquarium on their own or alongside X-ray Tetras. However, you can keep them in a freshwater community aquarium with similarly-sized tankmates like Cardinal Tetras, Black Darter Tetras, Emerald Eye Rasboras, Harlequin Rasboras, Red Neon Blue Eye Rainbowfish, Golden Dwarf Barbs and African Banded Barbs. You may also keep these fish with smaller Plecos, Corydoras Catfish and Dwarf Shrimp.

Picta Swamp Guppies will need a spacious, mature aquarium due to its high activity levels. Although you can find these fish in some freshwater habitats in the wild, the majority have been collected from brackish areas; therefore, they will fare much better and have fewer health problems when maintained in slightly brackish waters in captivity. In addition, these fish are more likely to breed in such conditions.

It would be best if the aquarium were heavily planted with hardy species that can cope well in slightly brackish conditions. Not only will this give the fish somewhere to hide if they feel threatened, but it will also give the females somewhere to retreat to in order to avoid harassment from the over-eager males. It will also provide hiding places for babies. Of course, the aquarium will need to have good filtration, but the water flow should be relatively gentle.

Picta Swamo Guppies have striking red to orange body colours with vivid black markings, making them a highly desirable species. The Males can have various primary body colours ranging from silver to green with yellow, black and blue spots to a red colour with black or yellow spots. The females have silvery bodies with some gold markings or orange around their abdomens.

Tank Mates for the Picta Swamp Guppy

1 ideal tank mate ideas for the Picta Swamp Guppy include:

Agassizs Corydoras(Corydoras agassizii)
Quick Facts
Scientific NameMicropoecilia picta
Year Described1926
Other NamesScarlet Livebearer, Swamp Guppies, Painted Guppy, Barrigudinho Guppy
OriginsBrazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
Best kept asGroups 8+
Lifespan2 - 3 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater/Brackish
PH7.5 - 8.5
GH5 - 25
79 - 82℉
26.1 - 27.8℃

Photos of the Picta Swamp Guppy

Picta Swamp Guppy

Natural Habitat

Picta Swamp Guppies are distributed throughout Central and South America, from Brazil to French Guiana and Guyana. You can also find these fish in Trinidad to the Amazon River delta. These fish inhabit both fresh and brackish water, where you will find them in slow-moving drainage ditches and canals at the edges of swamps. These habitats usually have an abundance of dense aquatic vegetation.

What to feed the Picta Swamp Guppy

Picta Swamp Guppies primarily feed on algae, plant food, mosquito larvae and small crustaceans in nature. Therefore it would be best if you followed this in the home aquarium.

You can achieve this by feeding your Guppies good-quality dried foods such as flakes, small pellets and granules as well as live, frozen or freeze-dried foods such as mosquito larvae, daphnia, brine shrimp and Bloodworm. These fish will also appreciate vegetable supplements such as blanched spinach or shelled peas.

How to sex the Picta Swamp Guppy

It is relatively simple to differentiate between the male and female Picta Swamp Guppies. Males are smaller, simmer is far more colourful than the females, and they have a gonopodium. In contrast, females are larger, fuller-bodied and much plainer coloured than males. Females will also have a gravid spot, whereas males do not.

How to breed the Picta Swamp Guppy

It can be pretty challenging to breed Picta Swamp Guppies; however, the females will usually reach sexual maturity from 8 months old, and the males will reach sexual maturity from six months old.

These fish will spawn in the main aquarium; however, the adults will predate the fry. Therefore if you wish to raise a higher yield of fry, it would be better to set up a separate breeding tank so you are able to separate the adults from the newborn babies easily.

It would be best to have either a thin substrate layer or a bare bottom in the breeding tank, and plenty of plants as this will provide cover for the babies. In addition, the plants can be moved around when you need to catch out the parents and place them back in the main aquarium.

The female's gestation period can be between 21 and 28 days, after which she will give birth to between 11 and 25 live young, which will quickly seek shelter within the plants. As soon as you notice any fry, you should remove the adults and place them back in their usual aquarium to avoid predation.

You can initially feed the babies with powdered fry foods explicitly designed for fry as well as microworms, moving on to finely crushed flakes and baby brine shrimp as they grow.

Other Guppies of interest

Fancy Guppies(Poecilia reticulata)
Ginga Rubra Guppy(Poecilia reticulata)
Melanzona Guppy(Poecilia parae)
Date Added: 29/04/2022 13:01:27 - Updated: 29/04/2022 13:37:47