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Maximum size : 4 cm

Normans Lampeye Killifish - Poropanchax normani : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

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Norman's Lampeye Killifish (Poropanchax normani) are a fascinating and peaceful species, perfect for the nano or planted aquarium. These hardy Killifish are ideal for beginners and experts alike, thanks to their adaptability and ease of care. Swimming mainly at the top of the water column, the Norman's Lampeye Killifish is not afraid to jump, so a tight-fitting lid or lowered water level is essential. These Killifish won't bother plants and will appreciate the cover of floating plants. Some hobbyists prefer to keep them in a dedicated species-only setup. In contrast, others enjoy keeping them alongside other tiny peaceful species such as Ember Tetras, African Jellybean Tetras, Pygmy Corydoras, Boraras spp, Pencilfish, and small anabantoids. However, they are unsuitable for a general community tank, as larger fish can easily threaten and prey upon them. While most Killifish are kept in pairs, the Norman's Lampeye Killifish thrives in groups, showing its best colouration in good-sized groups of at least ten individuals. These Killifish are safe with adult Dwarf Shrimp but may eat some shrimplets like most fish. Norman's Lampeye Killifish have elongated and slender bodies, with round scales and a dorsal fin located towards the back half of their body. They have a flattened head on top, with no barbels, and their mouth is at the tip. Their creamy bodies have a pearlescent greenish-yellowish-blue tint, depending on the lighting. These Killifish get their name from the horizontal crescent on top of their eye, which seems to glow a blueish colour under aquarium lighting.

Normans Lampeye Killifish Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

In order to distinguish between male and female Norman's Lampeye Killifish, one must pay close attention to their physical characteristics. Generally, males tend to have longer and more pointed fins while also being slightly more colourful and growing larger than their female counterparts. On the other hand, females tend to be duller in colouration and have shorter and more rounded fins. Despite the difficulty in telling them apart, careful observation can reveal the sex of these fascinating fish.

Quick Facts

Scientific NamePoropanchax normani
Year Described1928
Other NamesLampeye Killifish, Sobat Lampeye, African Lampeye.
OriginsChad Cameroon Sudan Nigeria
Max Size4 cm
Aquarium LevelMiddle - Top
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asGroups 8+
Lifespanup to 3 years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
PH6.5 - 7.5
GH5 - 15
72 - 79
22.2 - 26.1

Natural habitat

Norman's Lampeye Killifish are an attractive and unique species that are endemic to several African countries, including central Sudan, Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria. These fish inhabit the shallow, heavily vegetated margins of small rivers, brooks, swamps, pools, ditches, and streams, where they congregate in their thousands, creating a stunning natural spectacle. In their natural habitat, the Norman's Lampeye Killifish are well-adapted to life among dense vegetation, and their body shape and colouring help them blend in perfectly. Their iridescent scales and striking vertical bars make for an impressive sight as they swim through the underwater jungle.

How to breed the Normans Lampeye Killifish

Norman's Lampeye Killifish are relatively easy to breed, with the potential for small quantities of fry appearing in a densely planted aquarium. However, a separate breeding tank must be set up for those interested in raising a greater yield. To provide a suitable environment for successful breeding, the breeding tank should be filled with water from the main aquarium and equipped with an air-driven sponge filter and a small heater to maintain a stable water temperature. In addition, several large clumps of Java Moss or spawning mops can be added to offer a surface for the fish to deposit their adhesive eggs. To facilitate spawning, a small group of fish that have been well-conditioned on live and frozen foods, ideally with one male and two to three females, should be introduced to the breeding tank. Incubation of their relatively large eggs typically takes 12 to 14 days, depending on the water temperature. After hatching, the young can be fed infusoria and finely powdered fry foods, progressing to baby brine shrimp at around two weeks old. While some breeders prefer to move the adults back to the main aquarium after spawning, others leave them in the breeding tank, as the adults seldom predate their eggs or fry. However, moving larger fry to the main aquarium is essential once they are large enough to avoid predation from older fish. In addition, maintaining excellent water quality in the breeding tank and carrying out regular partial water changes is crucial to prevent the build-up of nitrogenous wastes. It is worth noting that Norman's Lampeye Killifish have a relatively slow growth rate and will reach sexual maturity at around six months of age.

Diet & feeding

Norman's Lampeye Killifish primarily feeds on insect larvae, small aquatic insects, and small invertebrates in their natural habitat. However, captivity requires a diverse diet to maintain optimal health. While they may occasionally accept dried foods such as flakes, granules, and pellets, they will thrive on a diet of smaller-sized fresh or frozen foods such as Cyclops, baby brine shrimp, bloodworm, or daphnia. Offering a varied diet will not only keep them healthy but also enhance their colouration and activity level.

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