Normans Lampeye Killifish (Poropanchax normani)
The Norman's Lampeye Killifish is a peaceful fish whose small size makes it perfect for the nano or planted aquarium. These Killifish are very hardy and are suitable for both beginners and experts alike.
The Norman's Lampeye Killifish swims at the top level of the water column almost wholly. They are not afraid to jump, so you must keep it in an aquarium with a tight-fitting lid or at least a significantly lowered water level. On the other hand, they will not eat or bother plants, and they will appreciate the cover, especially with floating plants.
Hobbyists like to keep these Killifish in a dedicated species-only set-up explicitly tailored to their needs. However, you can keep them alongside other tiny peaceful species such as Ember Tetras, African Jellybean Tetras, Pygmy Corydoras, Boraras spp, Pencilfish and some of the smaller anabantoids. However, they are not ideal as a general community fish as they are easily threatened and predated upon by larger fish.
While most Killifish are kept in pairs, the Norman's Lampeye Killifish seems to thrive and show their best colouration in groups. They will feel most secure if you house them in good-sized groups of at least ten individuals. These fish are safe with adult Dwarf Shrimp, but they may eat some shrimplets like most fish.
Normans Lampeye Killifish have slender and elongated bodies, the dorsal fin is set at the back half of their body, and their scales are round. The head is flattened on top, they have no barbels, and the mouth is at the tip. These Killifish have pale creamy bodies with a pearlescent greenish-yellowish-blue hint depending on the lighting. These Killifish get their name from the horizontal crescent on the top of its eye, which seems to glow blueish under aquarium lighting.
|Scientific Name||Poropanchax normani|
|Other Names||Lampeye Killifish, Sobat Lampeye, African Lampeye.|
|Aquarium Level||Middle - Top|
|Difficulty||Beginner - Intermediate|
|Best kept as||Groups 8+|
|Lifespan||up to 3 years|
|Temperature||72 - 79 ℉ (22.2 - 26.1 ℃)|
|PH||6.5 - 7.5|
|GH||5 - 15|
The Norman's Lampeye Killifish are endemic to Sobat, Wadi Halfa and the White Nile drainage systems in central Sudan, the Lake Chad area, Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria in Africa. These fish inhabit shallow, heavily vegetated margins of small rivers, brooks, swamps, pools, ditches and streams where you find them congregating in their thousands.
Other Killifish of interest
Diet & Feeding
Lampeye Killifish are principally carnivores. They feed on insect larvae, small aquatic insects, and small invertebrates in the wild. However, these Killifish will need a varied diet. This can include good quality dried foods such as flakes, granules and pellets, although they may only accept these occasionally in captivity. Nevertheless, they will do much better if you feed them smaller sized fresh or frozen foods such as cyclops, baby brine shrimp, bloodworm or daphnia.
It is somewhat challenging to differentiate between male and female Norman's Lampeye Killifish. However, Males generally tend to have longer and more pointed fins, and the males often grow larger and are slightly more colourful, whereas females will be duller, have shorter and more rounded fins.
Norman's Lampeye Killifish are relatively easy to breed, and in a densely planted aquarium, small quantities of fry may appear from time to time. However, if you wish to raise the yield of fry, you will need to set up a separate breeding tank.
You will need to fill up the breeding tank with water from the main aquarium and add an air-driven sponge filter. The fish will also require a small heater to keep the temperature stable, along with several large clumps of Java Moss; spawning mops will also work just as well.
It would be best if you acclimatised a small group of fish that have been well-conditioned on live and frozen foods, ideally one male with 2 or 3 females, to the breeding tank. Then, spawning should occur quite readily and without too much intervention. However, sometimes a tiny water change can encourage this behaviour.
Their relatively large eggs for such a little fish are somewhat adhesive and will be scattered over the spawning medium. Incubation typically takes around 12 to 14 days, depending on the water temperature.
The young can take infusoria and finely powdered fry foods immediately upon hatching, moving on to baby brine shrimp as they grow, usually around two weeks old. Some people like to move the adults back to the main aquarium after the eggs have been deposited to guarantee that there is no predation, while others leave them where they are because the adults rarely predate on their eggs or fry.
Larger fry may predate much smaller fry; therefore, you should place them back into the main aquarium as soon as they are large enough.
Their growth is usually relatively slow, and the young can be expected to reach sexual maturity around six months of age. However, the fry is very sensitive to the build-up of nitrogenous wastes, so you must carry out partial water changes frequently to ensure excellent water quality at all times.