Max Size: 6cm

Humpbacked Limia (Limia nigrofasciata)

The Humpbacked Limia is a peaceful, active shoaling fish that can be kept in a species only aquarium and flourishes in the planted community aquarium. These fish will get along with other peaceful fish, but it may prey on dwarf shrimp. Larger, temperate invertebrates can also make excellent tankmates. However, these fish have been known to nip and tear at the fins of other livebearers.

The Humpbacked Limia is best kept in groups and prefers neutral to hard water. It typically will not prosper in very soft water. Also, males will bully each other, but if the males are equally matched no damage will come of it. However, frequently the dominant male will harass smaller males until they depart, so often only one male will survive in a colony.

Although this fish is quite hardy, they do not tolerate the slightest touch of ammonia in the water so because of this as well as the high price tag they are not recommended for the beginner aquarist.

Its body is a blueish-grey colouration that displays several vertical black stripes and frequently has bright yellow colouration on its throat and fins. You may also find dark marks on the caudal fin. Unfortunately, as the male matures its body outline becomes less attractive. Their black-edged dorsal fin enlarges, and even the front of the back develops a hump.


Humpbacked limia
Humpbacked limia
Humpbacked Limias
Quick Facts
Scientific NameLimia nigrofasciata
Other NamesBlack-barred Limia
Aquarium LevelTop
DifficultyIntermediate - Advanced
Best kept asGroups 6+
Lifespan3 - 5 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH7.0 - 8.0
GH10 - 25
72 - 79℉
22.2 - 26.1℃


In the home aquarium, the Humpbacked Limia will readily accept most good quality dried foods such as granules, flakes and sinking pellets. These modern food products have been developed to provide all adequate nutrition to maintain your fish's health and dietary requirements.

Providing additional foodstuffs such as live, frozen, and freeze-dried meals such as bloodworm, daphnia, and tubifex once or twice a week will provide additional benefits to your fish's health and well-being but is not a must for this fish.

It should be noted that bloodworms should only be given as an occasional treat and should not be used as the staple diet as they are difficult for fish to digest and can potentially cause blockages.

This fish is an omnivore in the wild, meaning it will consume some vegetable matter. Although most modern fish foods take this into account and include them in their products, you can still supplement your fish's diet with blanched vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, and zucchini. Ensure you do not overfeed your fish and remove any leftovers the following day.

Sexual Dimorphism

It is relatively straightforward to distinguish males from female Humpbacked Limias. Males will maintain a much stronger colouration and have the signature gonopodium. They also develop the characteristic hump as well as a modified anal fin and are generally smaller than the females. In contrast, females are more extensive and much duller.

Other Livebearers of interest

Cardinal Brachyrhaphis(Brachyrhaphis roseni)
Dusky Millions Fish(Phalloceros caudimaculatus)
Merry Widow Livebearer(Phallichthys amates)
Mollies(Poecilia Sphenops)
Platies(Xiphophorus maculatus, Xiphophorus variatus)
Spotted Skiffia Multipunctata(Skiffia Multipunctata)
View all Livebearers
Date Added: 26/11/2020 - Updated: 08/02/2022 13:49:32