Max Size: 25cm

Galaxy Plecostomus L029 (Leporacanthicus galaxias)

Galaxy Plecos are good looking and peaceful towards most other fish, making them good members of a community aquarium. However, males can be territorial and aggressive towards each other or similar-looking species. You can house Galaxy Plecos with most small to medium community fish, including Tetras, Barbs, medium-sized Cichlids and Catfish. However, it would be best to avoid other larger bottom-dwelling species due to the territorial conflicts.

The ideal aquarium setup for Galaxy Plecos would be a large well filtered, and clean aquarium with a sandy substrate. Adding some driftwood, bogwood, and rocks will help replicate their natural habitat and provide hiding places if they need them.

Although not essential, these Plecos prefer dim lighting; however, the water must be highly oxygenated and have a good current. Powerheads or large airstones will achieve this. In addition, an efficient filter is required to deal with the considerable amount of waste these Plecos produce.

Galaxy Plecos have black bodies; however, some individuals may have dark grey or even brownish coloured bodies. In addition, these Plecos have small white or yellowish spots covering their entire body and fins.

Quick Facts
Scientific NameLeporacanthicus galaxias
Year Described1989
Other NamesTusken Pleco, Vampire Pleco
OriginsBrazil, Venezuela
Aquarium LevelBottom
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asPairs
Lifespan10 - 15 years
Water Parameters
Water TypeFreshwater
PH5.5 - 7.0
GH1 - 10
72 - 79℉
22.2 - 26.1℃

Photos of the Galaxy Plecostomus L029

Galaxy Plecostomus L029

Natural Habitat

Galaxy Plecos are endemic to the Rio Guamá and the Rio Tocantins in Brazil in South America. These Plecos have also been found in the Ventuari River Basin in the upper Orinoco drainage in Venezuela in South America. These Plecos inhabit fast-flowing, highly oxygenated waters in rivers with a sandy substrate and an abundance of rocks and driftwood.

Tocantins River
Guamá River

What to feed the Galaxy Plecostomus L029

You should offer your Galaxy Plecos good-quality dried foods such as sinking wafers and pellets. However, you should also provide your Plecos with protein-rich foods such as earthworms, bloodworms, prawns and mussels. Galaxy Plecos will also enjoy snails as well as the occasional green vegetable.

How to sex the Galaxy Plecostomus L029

It is relatively straightforward to differentiate between male and female Galaxy Plecos. Males typically have a longer and broader head than females and a more prominent dorsal fin. Males also possess more odontodes than females, and their colours are bolder. In contrast, females lack the odontodes, have slightly smaller heads and are somewhat duller than males.

How to breed the Galaxy Plecostomus L029

Galaxy Plecos can reach sexual maturity from a relatively young age, and some individuals have produced offspring from 10cm in size. However, larger individuals tend to produce a lot more eggs.

Unfortunately, there’s not much information available on breeding Galaxy Plecos, nor are there any breeding reports. However, we know that breeding them in an aquarium is relatively challenging as they have specific requirements and environmental conditions, which may not be easy to mimic; however, it is not impossible. Additionally, we know they spawn in caves, so make sure you have plenty of artificial caves added to the aquarium.

Other Plecostomus of interest

Bristlenose Pleco(Ancistrus Cirrhosus)
Butterfly Plecostomus L168(Dekeyseria Brachyura)
Flash Plecostomus(Panaqolus albivermis)
Gold Nugget Plecostomus(Baryancistrus xanthellus)
Golden Bristlenose Plecostomus(Ancistrus sp)
Green Phantom Plecostomus(Hemiancistrus Subviridis)
View all Plecostomus
Date Added: 10/03/2022 11:09:15 - Updated: 10/03/2022 13:17:36