Maximum size : 25 cm

Galaxy Plecostomus L029 - Leporacanthicus galaxias : Complete Fish Profile & Care Guide

Table of contents


Immerse yourself in the captivating world of Galaxy Plecos (Leporacanthicus galaxies) as these stunning and peaceable creatures grace your community aquarium. With their striking appearance and amicable nature, they are excellent companions for various fish species. However, it is essential to note that male Galaxy Plecos can exhibit territorial and aggressive behaviour towards one another or similar-looking species.

When selecting tankmates for Galaxy Plecos, a wide range of small to medium-sized community fish can thrive alongside them. Consider introducing Tetras, Barbs, medium-sized Cichlids, and Catfish to create a harmonious aquatic ensemble. Nevertheless, it is advisable to avoid larger bottom-dwelling species to mitigate potential territorial conflicts.

Crafting an ideal habitat for Galaxy Plecos entails a large, well-filtered, and meticulously maintained aquarium with a sandy substrate. Replicating their natural environment can be achieved by incorporating driftwood, bogwood, and rocks. These elements serve multiple purposes, providing both a sense of authenticity and essential hiding places should the Plecos seek refuge. While not necessary, these Plecos do appreciate dim lighting, but it is crucial to ensure highly oxygenated water and a good water current. The inclusion of powerheads or large airstones facilitates the desired oxygenation, while an efficient filtration system effectively manages the substantial waste output produced by these Plecos.

The mesmerizing appearance of Galaxy Plecos adds to their allure. Their bodies exhibit a captivating black hue, though individual specimens may showcase variations with dark grey or even brownish tones. A defining feature of these Plecos is the presence of small white or yellowish spots that adorn their entire bodies and fins, creating a celestial pattern that captivates the eye.

Galaxy Plecostomus L029 Photos

Sexual Dimorphism

Distinguishing between male and female Galaxy Plecos proves to be a relatively straightforward endeavour. Notable physical disparities exist between the two sexes, allowing for clear differentiation. Males exhibit a longer and broader head structure compared to females, with a particularly distinctive dorsal fin that commands attention. Another discernible characteristic of males is the greater abundance of odontodes, small, spiky growths, which contribute to their eye-catching appearance and colouration. Their colours present with boldness and vibrancy, adding to their visual allure.

In contrast, females possess slightly smaller heads, lacking the pronounced features observed in males. Furthermore, they do not display the prominent odontodes characteristic of their male counterparts. Their colouration tends to be comparatively subdued, contributing to a somewhat duller appearance.

Quick Facts

Scientific NameLeporacanthicus galaxias
Year Described1989
Other NamesTusken Pleco, Vampire Pleco
OriginsVenezuela , Brazil
Max Size25 cm
Aquarium LevelBottom
DifficultyBeginner - Intermediate
Best kept asPairs
Diet & FeedingOmnivore
ReproductionEgg Depositor
LifespanUp to 15 Years

Water Parameters

Water TypeFreshwater
pH 5.5 - 7.0
GH 1 - 10
Ideal Temperature
72 - 79
22 - 26

Natural Habitat

Embark on a captivating journey to the heart of South America, where the elusive Galaxy Plecos reign supreme. These enchanting fish call the Rio Guamá and the Rio Tocantins in Brazil their native home, nestled within the mesmerizing landscapes of the continent. Furthermore, they have also been discovered in the captivating Ventuari River Basin, nestled within the upper Orinoco drainage in Venezuela.

Immersed in the wild waters of these remarkable rivers, Galaxy Plecos thrive amidst a dynamic aquatic environment. They are specifically adapted to fast-flowing currents, where the waters dance with an invigorating energy. Highly oxygenated, these vibrant rivers ensure the Plecos' vitality as they navigate their sandy substrate, accompanied by large rocks and driftwood. These essential elements create a picturesque underwater realm, providing both natural shelter and a fascinating backdrop for their aquatic pursuits.

 Orinoco - Venezuela
Venezuela Flag
 Tocantins River - Brazil
Brazil Flag
 Guamá River - Brazil
Brazil Flag


The reproductive journey of Galaxy Plecos encompasses intriguing characteristics worth exploring. These fascinating fish can attain sexual maturity from a relatively young age, with some individuals displaying the remarkable ability to produce offspring even at sizes as small as 10cm. However, it is worth noting that more prominent individuals tend to yield a more substantial quantity of eggs during the breeding process.

While valuable information on the specific breeding habits of Galaxy Plecos remains scarce, and comprehensive breeding reports are yet to emerge, our understanding suggests that successfully breeding them in an aquarium setting can pose certain challenges. These challenges primarily arise from the specific requirements and environmental conditions these Plecos demand, which may not be readily replicated. Nonetheless, with dedication and appropriate measures, the task is not insurmountable.

One significant aspect to consider is the Plecos' affinity for spawning in caves. Hence, it is advisable to incorporate an abundance of artificial caves within the aquarium. This provides the necessary hiding spots and shelter for the Plecos during the breeding process, mimicking their natural preferences.

While the journey of breeding Galaxy Plecos may present complexities, delving into this endeavour with proper preparation, careful observation, and a willingness to adapt to their specific needs can yield rewarding outcomes.

Diet & feeding

Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for the well-being of your Galaxy Plecos. Optimal nutrition can be achieved through a combination of high-quality dried foods and protein-rich sources. Sinking wafers and pellets of superior quality serve as a suitable foundation for their dietary needs.

To further enhance their dietary variety and ensure adequate protein intake, consider incorporating protein-rich foods into their meals. Earthworms, bloodworms, prawns, and mussels present excellent options that offer valuable nutrients to support their health. Additionally, the inclusion of snails in their diet can provide additional enrichment. Occasional supplementation with green vegetables can further contribute to a well-rounded and balanced nutritional profile.

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