African Glass Catfish (Pareutropius debauwi)
African Glass Catfish are a small, shy, active, schooling species that are best kept in small groups of at least 5 or 6 individuals. However, these Catfish do well with other small to medium-sized active, peaceful species, including African Tetras and Loaches in a community tank environment. It would be best if you did not keep these Catfish with very large or aggressive species as they are easily intimidated.
African Glass Catfish are rarely imported and are not common in the aquarium trade.
African Glass Catfish are best kept in a densely planted aquarium of at least 200-litres with dark sand or fine gravel substrate and some smooth rocks. Adding driftwood or bogwood pieces will also provide shelter for your fish. These Catfish will also make an excellent addition to a West African biotope aquarium.
These Catfish need plenty of swimming space as well as some floating plants to diffuse the lighting. African Glass Catfish are sensitive to bright lighting and poor water quality; therefore, they require a good filtration system and a small powerhead to provide moderate water movement in the tank. Regular fortnightly water changes are recommended.
African Glass Catfish are a long, slender species with silvery-white bodies. Their body possesses a single black mid-lateral stripe and a faint stripe on the lower part of their body from the head to the caudal fin. In addition, these fish have a forked caudal fin, and the leading edge of the adipose fin is black. Their caudal fil lobes are pointed.
|Scientific Name||Pareutropius debauwi|
|Other Names||Debauwi Catfish, Dwarf Pangasius, Striped African Glass Catfish|
|Origins||Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon|
|Aquarium Level||Bottom - Middle|
|Difficulty||Intermediate - Advanced|
|Best kept as||Groups 6+|
|Lifespan||5 - 8 years|
|PH||6.5 - 7.5|
|GH||5 - 15|
|73 - 82℉|
22.8 - 27.8℃
Photos of the African Glass Catfish
You can find African Glass Catfish in the Rembo Ngoveriver and the Nyanga river in Gabon, the Ogooué River in Gabon and the Republic of Congo, as well as the Kouilou river in the Republic of Congo and the Chiloango river in Angola in Africa. These fish inhabit moderately flowing streams and rivers as well as flood plains.
What to feed the African Glass Catfish
African Glass Catfish are not fussy when it comes to food. In nature, they are primarily insectivores; however, in the aquarium, they will accept most dried food such as flakes, granules and pellets, as well as frozen and live foods such as bloodworm, brine shrimp and tubifex. It is essential that you keep their diet varied, so the fish remain in good, healthy condition.
How to sex the African Glass Catfish
It is somewhat difficult to differentiate between male and female African Glass Catfish as they are practically identical. However, females generally have thicker bodies than males, especially when they are full of eggs.
How to breed the African Glass Catfish
Currently, there are no successful reports of the African Glass Catfish being bred in an aquarium environment; however, it is possible. These Catfish are egg scatterers that lay their eggs amongst fine-leaved aquatic plants during the rainy season in their natural habitat.
If you are serious about breeding this species, then you will require a separate breeding tank that is densely planted with clumps of java moss or other fine-leaved plants. The water in the breeding tank should have a pH of around 6.5 to 7.0, and the water temperature will need to be about 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
You will need to condition the fish with plenty of live or frozen foods, then select your two fattest females and your best male and place them into the breeding tank.
Spawning usually occurs early in the morning. The females can deposit anything up to 100 white eggs in the java moss, which you should remove straight away after they have spawned; otherwise, the parents will eat the eggs if given a chance.
The eggs will typically hatch within 72 hours. The fry will initially feed on the yolk sac, and as soon as this has been absorbed, you can then provide them microworms or newly hatched brine shrimp as soon as they have absorbed their yolk sacs.